Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia is a mental health diagnosis coded as 300.21 is the DSM-IV-TR. Panic disorder is classified as an Anxiety disorder. One diagnosed with Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia may experience periods of intense fear or discomfort without any known cause and have a minimum of four out of the thirteen somatic or cognitive symptoms. Some of the symptoms include: heart palpitations, sweating, shaking, shortness of breath, feeling of choking, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, de-realization or depersonalization, fear of losing control, fear of dying, and chills or hot flashes. The sudden attacks are often unprovoked however sometimes have identified triggers.
There are many different types of personality disorder which all separate into three different categories, these categories are; suspicious, emotional and impulsive and anxious. An example of a suspicious personality disorder is paranoid disorder, some one who suffers paranoid disorder will find it difficult to trust others, find it difficult to confide in anybody even close family and friends, they may watch people closely looking for signs of betrayal. An example of an emotional and impulsive disorder is histrionic disorder, if you suffer from this you are likely to be easily influenced by others, be dependant on the approval others and feel uncomfortable if your not centre of attention. An
Illnesses under personality disorders include: * Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) * Dependant personality disorder * Paranoid personality disorder Anxiety disorders: Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear this can be mild or severe. Everyone will have feelings of anxiety at some point in their life however some people find it hard to control their worries. Their feelings of anxiety are more constant
Although anxiety attacks are an unwelcome symptom of anxiety, they are also a warning that one is under too much stress and should seek help. If one does seek help for this anxiety, it is likely he can overcome the disorder whereas ignoring the symptoms will only make it worse. Some of the anxiety disorders that Hart lists are panic anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), specific phobias, social phobias, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), acute stress disorder, and separation anxiety disorder (Hart, 1999). Hart calls anxiety a disease of stress. He goes on to explain that stress causes the neurotransmitters of the brain to deplete which causes anxiety.
Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. 1.4. Explain how mental ill health may be indicated through an individual’s emotions, thinking and behaviour. 2.1. Explain how individuals experience discrimination due to misinformation, assumptions and stereotypes about mental ill health.
However, abnormal heightened anxiety can be emotionally painful and extremely traumatic and can disrupt a person's daily functioning. Anxiety disorders affect about 40 million American adults ages 18 years and older (about 18%) and is twice as common in women as men (NIMH). The broad spectrum of anxiety disorders can be narrowed into more specific categories such as, Panic Disorders, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Acute Stress Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder and specific Phobias. People with one anxiety disorder often have others too (Halgin &
Understanding mental health problems CMH 302 Outcome 1: know the main forms of mental ill health 1.The main types of mental illness. Anxiety disorders: People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread, as well as with physical signs of anxiety or nervousness, such as a rapid heartbeat and sweating. An anxiety disorder is diagnosed if the person's response is not appropriate for the situation, if the person cannot control the response, or if the anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness.
Panic disorders -- overwhelming anxiety produces profound symptoms that are sometimes mistaken for critical illness such as heart attack, or severe organ distress perhaps caused by an imbalance in neuro-transmitters; treatment may involve antidepressant drugs and/or tranquillizers. Difficult to cure with a 50% recurrence rate 4. PTSD: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder occurs after exposure to a traumatic event (e.g. battlefield, severe accident causing loss of life...); a syndrome develops wherein the sufferer displays many cyclic symptoms that often mimic other illnesses (depression, neuralgia, deafness ...) Can affects as many as 8% of the population (US) and seems to be more prevalent in men than
These categories are Intrusive, Avoidant, and Hyperarousal. Intrusive means reliving or re-experiencing the traumatic events. This can happen through flashbacks of the event, such as combat flashbacks, nightmares, such as a dream of being trapped in a burning building, and even feeling anxious as if you are back in the traumatic situation. It is believed that the trauma survivors reacts the way they do to stressful situations because they are reminded or the traumatic event. Survivors might be too worried about safety even in situations where there is more than adequate safety.
According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2012),GAD is defined as: an anxiety disorder marked by chronic excessive anxiety and worry that is difficult to control, causes distress or impairment in daily functioning, and is accompanied by three or more associated symptoms (as restlessness, irritability, poor concentration, and sleep disturbances) The sad truth of GAD is that it is almost always present sometimes lying just underneath the surface while at other times it dominates your every thought, action and reaction. However, GAD can be improved and treated with the learning knowledge of what the symptoms, causes and warning signs