• Manic episode – may experience pressured speech, with thoughts experienced as racing. • Hypomanic episode - mild to moderate level of mania, characterized by optimism, pressure of speech and activity, and decreased need for sleep. • Mixed affective episode - tearfulness during a manic episode or racing thoughts during a depressive episode. What is the treatment for bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder requires long-term treatment.
After months or even years of this deterioration, more obvious signs of disturbance such as delusional ideas or hallucinations, appear. In acute onset, obvious signs such as hallucinations can appear quite suddenly, usually after a stressful event, and the individual shows very disturbed behaviour within a few days. In terms of symptoms that are used in diagnosis and classification, there are positive symptoms, which reflect an excess or distortion of normal functions, hallucinations, delusions, experiences of control and disorganised thinking. There are also negative symptoms which in fact reflect a loss or reduction in normal functions e.g. alogia (the loss of fluent speech) avolition (the loss of motivation) and affective flattening (a reduction in the range of emotional intensity).
The person’s patterns of thinking and behaviour differ from the expectations in society and they interfere with the persons normal functioning. Examples of this are paranoid personality disorder, obsessive compulsive personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Anxiety disorders – People with anxiety disorders respond to certain objects or situations with fear and dread. This can be mild or severe. The person may suffer with responses that are un appropriate in certain situations as well as the usual signs (rapid heartbeat, sweating and nervousness.
Stress involves external and internal stressors. External stressors are sources of stress that we are aware of around us which can include traumas, life experiences or simply daily hassles. Internal stressors are the sources of stress that are inside us, the thoughts, feelings and emotions that cause unease, unrealistic expectations, uncertainties, low self esteem and apprehensions. Symptoms of stress range from physical to psychological and behavioural conditions and people may experience these to varying degrees. Physical symptoms include increased heart rate, sweaty palms, muscle tension, sleep and sudden weight loss or gain.
Dissociative Identity Disorder, or DID, is a severe mental disorder that cause the patient to experience severe dissociation from the environment and others around them. Dissociation is kind of like daydreaming, which most of us have experienced. People with DID experience a “lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity”, according to WebMD, a reputable site that provides health information (Costello). Many doctors and psychiatrists believe that DID starts because of a traumatic experience and victims of this disorder dissociate themselves from certain situations to alleviate pain and anxiety that the situation may cause. Although many doctors believe this, there is no proven cause of Dissociative
This medication is used in the treatment for patients with a disorder known as mania. Patients with mania experience a frenzied mood, or an abnormally excited mood. The side effects for this medication are as follows, drowsiness, blank facial expression, shuffling walk, agitation, nervousness, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, changes in skin color, widening or narrowing of the pupils, difficulty urinating, these are the less harmful side effects according to the National Institute of Mental Health (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/mental-health-medications). According to this same article the more severe side effects to this medication are as follows, fine worm like tongue movements, flu like symptoms, fast irregular heartbeat, sore throat chills or other signs of infection, neck cramps, difficulty breathing or swallowing,
These questions include recalling of events throughout their life or any out of body experiences. Symptoms of dissociative identity disorder include de-realization, dissociation, feeling lost or lonely, identity crisis, difficulties expressing themselves, and many more. De-realization can cause continuous conflict in the mind about who they are. Often refusing to recognize themselves in mirrors , or feeling as if two or more different people are trapped in one body. Dissociation is the most common symptom of this disorder.
Depressive disorders, which include major depressive disorder (unipolar depression), dysthymic disorder (chronic, mild depression), and bipolar disorder (manic-depression), can have far reaching effects on the functioning and adjustment of young people. Among both children and adolescents, depressive disorders confer an increased risk for illness and interpersonal and psychosocial difficulties that persist long after the depressive episode is resolved; in adolescents there is also an increased risk for substance abuse and suicidal behavior 1,2,3. Unfortunately, these disorders often go unrecognized by families and physicians alike. Signs of depressive disorders in young people often are viewed as normal mood swings typical of a particular developmental
That is to say when they impede a person’s progress and /or start to dictate the things we choose to do, or in some cases they can get to such an elevated level that they cause health issues. This is when people tend to seek out some kind of help, sometime as a result of advise, and sometimes of their own volition The symptoms of anxiety & stress often develop slowly and can vary in severity from person to person. Some people experience only one or two symptoms, while others experience many more. The negative symptoms can include • difficulty sleeping • sweating • lack of appetite • difficulty concentrating It is nearly impossible to get an accurate figure for how many