We added anhydrous Sodium Sulfate as a drying agent. To complete, we distilled the cyclohexene and collected the product. Knowing this data, we determined the yield % which is 58.5%. This experiment features the dehydration of cyclohexanol and produce cyclohexene. The acid catalyzed dehydration of cyclohexanol with distillative removal of the resulting cyclohexene from the reaction mixture
For example, the reaction |BaCl2•2H2O ( BaCl2 + 2H2O |(2) | is reversible, and if water is added to the anhydrous salt BaCl2, formation of BaCl2•2H2O takes place: |BaCl2 + 2H2O ( BaCl2•2H2O |(3) | The reaction of dehydration of hydrated ferrous sulfate |FeSO4•7H2O ( FeSO4 + 7H2O |(4)
Problem Which dissolves in water better, salt or baking soda? Hypothesis If salt and baking soda where put in water then baking soda will dissolve better than salt. Abstract The purpose of this project is to determine which material dissolves better in water between salt and baking soda. The hypothesis is If salt and baking soda where put in water then baking soda will dissolve better than salt. One teaspoon of salt and one teaspoon of baking soda were put in two separate transparent glasses of water and then the time of dissolving of each substance were calculated.
For reaction (II) Pb (NO3)2 + 2KI -> PbI2+2KNO3 Lead nitrate is soluble, so it gets written as ions. The same goes for potassium iodide and potassium nitrate. Complete Ionic equation: 2 K+1 + I-1 + Pb2+ + NO32- -> PbI2 + 2K+1 + NO3-1 Net Ionic Equation: Pb+2 + 2 I-1 -> PbI2 Warm-Up Exercise 2 In this lab you will mix 25 mL of 0.05M lead nitrate with 1.4 mL of 0.025M sodium carbonate. After the reaction occurs, you will filter the solution to remove the precipitate. You will then test the remaining solution for excess lead ion and for excess carbonate ion… Imagine that you mix the two volumes and then freeze frame the reaction so the it does not proceed: 1.
An example of use is cleaning compounds of impurities, where different solvents work as a molecular filter that interacts differentially with compound and impurities respectively. In the end of the process, impurities become physically separated from the now pure compound, facilitating further transferring and further repurification / extraction if needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS Acetanilide tert-butyl methyl ether p-tert-butylphenol p-toluic acid 0.5M NaHCO3 3M HCL 0.5M NaOH NaSO4 anhydrous Separatory Funnel Buchner filter paper Sand Bath Microspatula Disposable Pipet heated plate boiling chips support stand Pasteur pipets with latex bulb test tubes (2) utility clamp watch glasses weighing paper melting pint capillary tubes thermometer EXTRACTION •Dissolve acetanilide, p-toluic acid, and p-tert-butylphenol in t-butylmethyl ether •Extract p-toluic acid from the ether layer with NaHCO3 solution •Extract p-tert-butylphenol from the ether layer with NaOH
The purpose of washing the test tubes thoroughly is so the chemicals don’t cross contaminate and affect the outcome of another section of the lab. Hypothesis: 1. If a substance contains lipids then when rubbed onto a paper bag a transparent or opaque spot will appear. 2. Is a substance contains starches then when iodine solution is added to the substance it will change from yellow-brown to blue-black.
4. The reason for the national policy for colour coding of cleaning equipment is to ensure that the same cleaning equipment is not used in multiple areas, therefore reducing the risk of cross-infection. Outcome 2 1. The three steps of the decontamination process are cleaning, disinfecting and sterilisation. Disinfecting is a process used to reduce the number of micro-organisms to a safe level for a defined procedure but which may not necessarily inactivate all viruses and bacterial spores.
This initiation was evident by cloudiness and graying of solution as well as the evolution of bubbles off the surface of the metal. The flask became warmer anddid not need additional heat because of the exothermic nature of the reaction. The remaining bromobenzene solution was added dropwise at a rate that kept the contents in the flask gently boiling. Asthe magnesium disintegrated, the contents turned from gray to dark brown to brownish red and finally
Add the HCl SLOWLY to the magnesium by running it down the side of the beaker. Adding the acid too quickly will result in the spattering of the acid. Write down any observations of the reaction. 6. After all the acid has been completely added and the reaction has stopped, use a pipette to add a few extra drops of acid into the beaker until the reaction stops.
Care must be taken when squeezing the pipet bulb on the filter pipet. Too much pressure might cause the filter to leak or fall off. Add about 2 mL of fresh tert-butyl methyl ether to the solid in the RB flask, warm briefly, let the solids settle for a minute, and pipet the liquid to the centrifuge tube as before. Again allow the solids to settle briefly in the centrifuge tube, then filter the liquid through the pressure filtration apparatus, into the same 25 mL Erlenmeyer flask. Doing a rinse such as this helps to ensure that any trimyristin that was left behind in the RB flask and centrifuge tube is not lost, thereby helping to ensure that