Compare and contrast the approaches of Piaget and Vygotsky. What aspects of their theories have best stood the test of time? Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget and Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky are two very important names when studying the models of cognitive development. Development can be defined as a “definite pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through one’s life span”(Sisman, 2010). The major areas of development include biological, cognitive and social and emotional development.
Discuss the nature-nurture debate in relation to Demi Lovato Key principles Nature - is the inherited or innate characteristics, features or qualities of an individual. This side of the nature-nurture debate suggests that we are a certain way because of the genes we gain from our parents. Nurture - is how the surroundings on an individual affect them, e.g. their environmental influences and conditions. This side of the nature-nurture debate suggests that we are a certain way because of the way we were bought up and our life experiences.
To find the concerns that begin the program planning process, it is a prerequisite to do a needs or problems assessment. The assessments give human service workers good direction to what areas need the most focus and what kind of help the people need most. (2003). While planning a program, it is good to brainstorm all the possible avenues and outcomes of all situations. Human service workers need to be prepared for all situations, and have feedback on how well their programs are working.
According to Jones-Smith (2012), Person-centered therapy is founded on two basic hypothesis: (1) Each person has the capacity to understand the circumstances that cause unhappiness and to reorganize his or her life accordingly, and (2) a person’s ability to deal with these circumstances is enhanced if the therapist establishes a warm, accepting, and understanding relationship. (Jones-Smith, 2012, p. 238) In the following discussion learning team B will discuss the use of Rogerian’s person-centered approach as it relates to a multicultural society (Axia, 2014). The articles presented for discussion are (Article 1) Rogers’s Person-Centered Approach: Consideration for Use in Multicultural Counseling by Carol Macdougall (2002) and, (Article 2) Evidence-Based Practice and its Implications for Culturally Sensitive Treatment from the Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development by Gargi Roysircar, G. (2009). Summary of Article 1 In modern society we have come to realize that the therapeutic practices of our past where limited to the needs of one demographic of people. In particular white America.
Based on your research, write a report on the following: • A team-building strategy that you will prefer to use to lead an effective and successful team from the front. • Steps that can be taken by you to empower your team members to make decisions to solve complex organizational problems.
I feel that I feel more of an urge to really pay attention to what I give consent to and the meaning behind bioethics. Also, the book has made me hope even more that different racial groups will be properly educated in the concepts of bioethics and consent. Skloot did a great job in revealing the significance and importance of
In doing so, this will raise my knowledge and awareness, of the person-centred model and other models used within counselling. I feel it is important, to have a solid theory foundation of all the counselling models, methods or techniques and the reasons a chosen model, would inform the practice of a qualified counsellor, before attempting to use them. I hope to discover the value, similarities and differences of these models in more depth and where they can be effective in the counselling environment. Origins of Person-centred Counselling. The beginnings of person-centred approaches can be attributed to the work of an American psychologist Carl
| 70% = 7.0 points | Good coverage of course content and vocabulary applied to the assignment’s rubric criteria.Explained the lifespan perspective of development.Summarized two theories of life span development.Explained how heredity and the environment interact to produce individual differences in development. | The content is comprehensive, accurate, and/or persuasive. | | | The paper develops a central theme or idea, directed toward the appropriate audience. | |
So I would incorporate several parts of the many theories and models which have been introduced to me. The first theory that would be contained within my personal model is the Alderian theory. I believe that having an awareness of others beyond oneself is a significant characteristic of increasing knowledge about interconnectedness within one's situation. My view of helping is one that would manipulate maladaptive, dysfunctional, and unwanted behavior to ultimately a more positive behavior. Because roles are normally assigned, birth order and the structure of the family need to be considered.
I recognize the importance of all of the theories and theorists discussed, and I was able to relate to some more than others. I was able to develop my own personal, intervention theory based on cognitive and multicultural approaches to therapy. My personal intervention theory, along with the rest of the theories and concepts discussed in this course gave me insight into the world of psychotherapy and will aid me in my journey of pursuing a career with troubled youth in the future. References Jones-Smith, E. (2012). Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Integrative Approach.