According to Davis, slaves and peasants were perceived and subjected to common stereotypes regarding the color of their skin, the customs many of the enslaved peoples had before they were conquered, and how the elite upper classes and literate people looked down on them as a dehumanized object. To support this theory, he looked into the role that color symbolism and how physical appearance had a large impact on this misconception. (Davis 50, 57) Another sample he looked and discussed was Islamic and Christian geographic expansions and conflicts that led to the creation of the term Racism that is linked to historic events involving slavery. (Davis 54, 60) Winthrop argues that Slavery and Racism was created at the same time. He supports this argument by looking closely at the meaning of the symbolism behind the color black.
Staples writes to the american society to show the nature of racial profiling that often occurred in the United States during his time. Profiling is an institutional idea, practice. What Staples shows is stereotyping. While you might infer an argument idea from Staples essay, this is his personal story. He uses narration, personal examples, imagery to convey the sense of his experience from a first person point of view.
However, it is undeniable that Marxism has provided a vital and consistent explanation for how class came about. Karl Marx developed the first Marxist ideas of class, whilst studying British society during a time that was rife with industrial revolution and social change in the 1840’s. Marx idea of class was firmly based around production. He believed that the British society was divided into two classes, the bourgeoisie (capital owner) and the proletariat (worker), and therefore defined these classes regarding their relationship to the means of production. It became apparent to Marx that the gap was widening between the two classes, which was illustrated by the growing difference of living standards between the bourgeoisie and proletariat.
Marx believed that societies grew and changed due to struggles of different social classes. Durkheim believed in studying the “social facts,” which would help determine if a society was healthy or pathological. Weber’s focus on the structure of society included the elements of class, status and power. Each sociologist had a great influence in the field of sociology, but took different approaches to studying societies. Sociology enables us to understand how society functions and under which circumstances.
Eric Williams' economic reductionist argument presented in his 1944 Capitalism and Slavery supported the theory that the move toward African enslaved labour in the Americas was entirely a matter of economic expedience that helped catapult Western Europe to the forefront of a new global capitalist economy.  In White Over Black published in 1968, Winthrop Jordan argued that the social forces in Europe that gave rise to African slavery in the Caribbean centred around issues of Christian, White and nationalistic European identities.  Whether a matter of economics, identity or a combination
He illustrates the rise of the “black perspective” and its effects on the serious social scientific study of urban poverty (Wilson, 99). Wilson continues his article and highlights both the structural and cultural factors that have led to a rise in single-parent, female-led households in the black community. While he notes that this rise is also true in other ethnic groups (130), he points out that it is radically more pronounced among urban black communities (100-103). In his next chapter, Wilson argues for a new framework to understand this phenomenon with both structural and cultural factors (144). He adds that the two factors are ultimately intertwined and recommends that policy makers need to address the problem through this lens to effectively
This reveals a deeper truth about relapse of the past in our present. In The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald and the The book of Negroes by Lawrence Hill, the truth of reality is reflected through different methodologies, with some similarities as well as differences in the approaches defined. The historical fictions in the two great books pinpoint the realities of human society. The characters in both novels face issues regarding human values, truth and struggle; all themes, which are very influential to the development of the stories. For example, the authors used ironic insights of issues regarding the characters struggles in their lives at different stages.
Gender and racial problems call for a social critical attention because they pervade and permeate society and form predominant burning issues in the contemporary global scene. Literary texts serve as mouth pieces of current social issues of which gender and racial issues are most pronounced. Feminist literary criticism scrutinizes these texts to explore biased and gross misrepresentation of women in the social and racial context. Authors of literary texts have been trying to pay their great attention to issues of gender and racial segregation in their works they debated the problems of these two predominant and pervasive issues and are finding that female slaves faced extra burdens and even more challenges than did some male
The Marxist theory of racism and racial inequality Much of the social analysis on the injustices and inequalities in U.S. and Caribbean societies has been influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx and the Marxist tradition. Racism directed against people of color has been a central and continuing feature of the global society. Its forms have changed but we need to look no further than infant mortality rates and life expectancies, unemployment, poverty rates and incomes, and stereotypes in the mass media to understand that racism and racial inequality remain here in the Caribbean and are still present around the globe. Interestingly, the article chosen entitled “Bishop scoffs at racism” rejects the popularly known Marxist quote “religion is the opium of the people” as the Bishop vigorously points out with evidence that the effects of discrimination based on race and color may be keeping black entrepreneurs in Barbados from progressing. Conflict theorist believes that “society is an arena in which struggles over scarce commodities take place.” The affluent and wealthy (the bourgeoisie) will always try to preserve and improve their position while the poor and destitute (the proletariat) will be attempting to survive and this attempting to survive is often done by any means possible.
Assess the claim that the role of education is to transmit the ruling class ideology (20marks) Sociologists would agree that there are many roles in education but one of the main roles is to transmit a ruling class ideology, one perspective would be Marxism that see’s education based on class division and capitalist exploitation. However, functionalists would argue that education is seen as performing a beneficial role for both society and individuals. Marxism is a class conflict perspective based on class division and capitalist exploitation. Marxists argue that education functions to reproduce a labour force for the capitalist. The bourgeoisie minority class exploit the proletariat- majority class to make profit.