They weren’t allowed to live near white people in the cities so they lived in ghettos, completely segregated from the rest of the world. The prices were also through the roof for houses and flats for African Americans. All of these things would have been normal but would still have been even more disappointing in the south. This is because of the great migration. The black people moved from the south for a better life in the north and when they got there they found that the treatment was not up to the standard they had imagined.
African American men were fighting in Vietnam alongside of white Americans, yet returning to a nation that was still treating them as second class citizens. When black men returned home, they were unable to find employment and when they did, those jobs came at a much lower salary than their white counterparts. On average, non-whites earned between thirty two and thirty-eight percent less than whites regardless of education or accomplishments. This enraged black men, as they felt that their services would give them more respect once they returned from serving their country. Even when it came to more accomplished African diplomats, they too were mistreated simply due to the color of their skin.
Poor standards of living for blacks were another cause of Montgomery Bus Boycott. This inspired blacks to desegregate buses as facilities were segregated, blacks were seemed and treated inferior to whites. Harassment from the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was given to blacks. In 1870, in one county South Caroline alone was 6 murders and 300 whippings. KKK was hugely supported by whites and became the voice for poor uneducated whites who felt threatened in competing for housing and jobs.
The draft removed men from swing scene which meant there were fewer people to play in the bands. Because of the need for many materials for the war effort gas and rubber were in shortage and cut short or stopped all together many road trips that the bands relied on to make their livings. The curfews forced many clubs to shut down during their most lucrative and busy hours. This combined with an amusement tax as high as 20 percent in some cities raised the cost of operating these clubs and ballrooms. In addition, racism of the day made it hard for black musicians to tour.
In the South, $4.5billion was spent creating factories that produced war goods. At first, black Americans were unable to get jobs in the war industry due to racism. A. Philip Randolph threatened to campaign against the government unless they forced industries to change. So Roosevelt created the Fair Employment Practices Commission in 1941 which forced industries not to discriminate on the grounds of ‘race, creed, colour or national origin’ when deciding who to employ. This allowed many Black Americans to get jobs and played a major role in the country’s war effort.
It was much harder for blacks to get a job, and there employment position could be described as ‘the last to be hired, the first to be fired’. African Americans faced discrimination almost in every job, and they earned less, often due to the poor educational opportunities. The voting rights were different in the North from the South. In the North, almost all African Americans could vote. In the South however, the blacks were disfranchised, since the state governments introduced literacy tests, tests on the knowledge of constitution and Poll taxes, which African Americans had trouble with, because of poor education and financial problems.
Racism among the social majority in society today is largely subconscious, because the majority neither suffers from racism as frequently, nor do they usually attribute their problems to racism. The Civil Rights Movement, beginning in the 1950’s, arose from a black community that was fed up with hatred and intolerance. Stores, restaurants, and other businesses refused service to people of color, and the difference in job opportunities between races was staggering. Near the end of the Civil Rights Movement in 1961, President Kennedy signed into law Executive Order 10925, which stated that job applicants could not be discriminated against based on “race, creed, color, or national origin.” A similar change in constitutionalism arose
The crisis began with the Great Depression, as argued by Abramovitz (2004) it was the collapse of the American economy in the 1930s that led to the rise of the welfare state. This change in the welfare state meant a stronger response from the government was needed. The economy counted on the government to offer a New Deal that would restore profits by fostering economic growth. The New Deal focused on programs that would provide relief for the poor, such as AFDC or Food Stamps and Social Security for the unemployed, retired or disabled. The New Deal also focused on the recovery of the economy to normal levels and reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression (Chen 2013).
Also, because tariffs were removed due to the new reform, less expensive food flooded into Africa. People who were solely dependent on farming lost their jobs and couldn’t keep up with the new and cheaper food coming in to the country and were forced to abandon their farms. This is crippling Africa because when workers can’t make money and invest into the economy, there is nothing stimulating the economy. Thus, everything is more expensive and money isn’t being made by businesses (Red Orbit). The other problem in African nations is the citizens don’t trust the government.
Hsv101 The Elizabeth Poor laws The Elizabeth poor laws were passed in the Great Britain. As a result of the increasing number of poor and underprivileged individuals. During these times the lords were held responsible for their tenants. However the Ferndale crashed causing the tenant farmers to lose their property. As an result the farmers drifted into cities and small town hence they did not possess the necessary skills which were needed to obtain and uphold an position .