Franklin does not believe human beings could possibly be evil because he does not believe evil could exist with an all powerful, good, and wise God. Franklin says in his pamphlet that “because He is good; therefore Evil doth not exist.” (Franklin.26). If evil actions do not exist then neither does good, making all actions simply natural activities undertaken by all humans. Since all humans exhibit the same innate characteristics that cannot be considered good or evil, they have no grounds to judge each other upon. Franklin did not agree with the way Puritans often
For example, Exodus 20 – The Ten commandments, these are ten rules sent from God to humans, they are moral standards and when obeyed help human’s to live a morally good life. This shows that the reason God makes rules isn’t just because he has power but that he wants his creation to also be good. God gave all human’s free will but these rules limit what humans can do without disobeying God. So maybe these rules were created to stop us from using our free will. Against this statement is that God did not create so many rules to stop us using our free will but to influence and set standards to use our free will for the morally good.
One strength of this absolutist view point is that it provides us with a very straight forward and simple approach to decision making; as rules are common to all people in all communities they are therefore easier to follow. This provides a structured and simple approach to ethics and morality. A further strength of the Natural Law theory is that these five primary precepts seem to be a common part of human nature, which means that they are easier to follow as they are already written into our way of life. Aquinas states that ‘to disparage the dictate of reason is equivalent to condemning the command of God’, this means that to go against your own morality, is to sin against your God. This shows that Natural Law is a simple way to strive towards the greater Good, as we are following basic
Explain Moral Relativism Moral Relativism argues the claim that there are no universally valid rules for all people at all times, thus implying there are no intrinsic rights and wrongs. This results in Morality being relative to the individual, to their culture and their age group. In contrary Moral Absolutism is the antonym to the theory that morality is relative. Kant for example was not a moral relativist; he held the belief that we had ‘categorical imperatives’ which were always right. He believed as Absolutists believe today , we should be able to apply moral rules to everyone without making allowances for different people or circumstance , thus suggesting laws should be ‘universalisable’ .
I suppose the reason for this is that no one would willingly follow a fool because doing so would probably cause undesireable consequences. I believe, however, that something more than just human wisdom must be shown in order to succour to yourself thousands of years of lasting loyalty. Godly wisdom is that something. Godly wisdom is all knowing, no mistakes, no misunderstandings. Godly wisdom can only be held by God himself, but we can strive to educate ourselves as much as possible, thus reducing mistakes, misunderstandings, etc.
All humans become kami after death and are honored by their families. Shinto is very different from traditional monotheistic religions because there is no omniscient or omnipotent force. While Amaterasu the sun goddess is considered the most important kami, she is not looked at in the same way Christians look at God. Also in opposition to Christianity, where one of the main focuses is to banish our original sin and seek penance, Shinto spreads the idea that all humans are inherently good, and evil spirits
Aquinas described that, fundamentally, humans should do good and avoid evil. This is where the diagram of the natural law begins and leads onto five primary precepts; self preservation and preserve the innocents, continuation of the species, educate children, live harmoniously in society and worship God. These primary precepts are basic pillars for Christians to follow and are the main human purpose and therefore are good. On the other hand, acts not in accordance with human purpose are bad. Secondary precepts are guides connected to primary precepts and tell us what we should and should not do because they may go against the primary precepts.
Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. placed his faith in the goodness of God and morality of the people, believing that one day, with patience, they would see his vision of a world of peace and equality. King was a strong believer of natural law, the belief that “law and physical nature cannot be separated; universal order is independent of human will, habits or political degrees”. He also strongly encouraged peaceful civil disobedience, stating “An individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust and who willingly accepts the penalty or imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is, in reality, expressing the highest respect for the law”. His words of faith and promise of a better future came at a time when the oppressed African- American culture needed his guidance the most. Martin Luther King Jr.’s views of laws and the judicial system were not
This is why God created a universe fit for human life, and why he laid down guidelines for how to live our lives. According to Christianity, each one of us is created for communion with God; God wants to know us, to love us, and to rejoice with us. Examples in the Bible are Proverbs 19: 21 and Ephesians 3: 20. The most basic principle of the Christian moral life is the awareness that every person bears the dignity of being made in the image of God. He has given us an immortal soul and through the gifts of intelligence and reason enables us to understand the order of things established in his creation.
A Christian follows the Bible and Jesus Christ no matter where it takes him. A Christian worldview is much different from zeitgeist and existentialism, and should always be separated from the two no matter how hard it could possibly be. You should always have a Christian worldview because it will allow you to have an easier life; you won’t get in trouble with the law, and will usually leave you healthier than