(8) The acquisition of communicative competence is in many ways language socialization, and is the ultimate goal of learners as they deal with function, discourse, style, and nonverbal aspects of human interaction and linguistic negotiation. (9) The linguistic contrasts between the natives and target language form one source of difficulty in learning a second language, But the creative process of forming an interlanguage system involves the learner in utilizing many facilitative sources and resources. Inevitable aspects of this process are errors, from which learners and teachers can gain further insight. 2) Hypotheses and claims Hypotheses about SLA (1) Adults and adolescents can acquire a second language. (2) The learner creates a systematic interlanguage that is often characterized by the same systematic errors as [those
In response to this, this article looks into some motivational strategies to encourage learners’ motivation. Teachers can help learners by identifying learner problems and applying appropriate motivational strategies. However, there are also some precautions teachers need to take when using motivational strategies. This essay argues that using motivational strategies effectively can build up learners’ confidence and improve their overall performance in the second language learning, thus, in the long run, achieving the ultimate goal of learners’ self-motivation. This essay is developed in three parts: first of all, it points out the prerequisites that need to be met before adopting motivational strategies, and then it suggests some effective motivational strategies for teachers to adopt in the classroom.
The communicative activities are focused on target language fluency through practice. Finding the right balance between communicative and non-communicative activities can affect the motivation of the students. Not all students would want to continuously tackle grammar and vocabulary, whereas some will feel confident dealing with language construction and structures, but will fall apart when it comes to the usage of the language. It is this balance of assisting the students to develop their English language knowledge supplemented with English language practice through raising their motivation levels that can prove to be a conundrum. Yuru
Children come from communities, therefore it is also important for teachers to know a little about students’ social, economic and cultural background, and how these influence student motivation in the classroom. These differences that students come into the classroom with can be used as resources to help the teacher to enhance the teaching learning process, as she will be able structure activities that tap into their interests. Also, as long as students understand that their differences are respected, and that they have a responsibility to be a part of their learning, this can prove to be a great motivational factor. Understanding group dynamics is also key to determining
As a teacher, one of the main roles is to motivate your learners to develop their ability and aspiration to learn. Some may read about delivering training and facilitating learning , but in reality a teacher does much more than that. A teaching role is not just about teaching your subject or preparing learners for assessment. The focus of a teaching role relates very much to inspiring learners to change and develop their personal, social and professional skills to the best of their ability. In this respect, the ultimate aim is to enable learners to understand how to take responsibility for their own development.
Evaluate own role and responsibilities in lifelong learning , follow the Teacher Training Method of Teaching ,Identify the needs by plan training, and deliver training. Followed by Assessment’s and feedback on Overall Evaluations. 4. Review own role and responsibilities in identifying and meeting the needs of learners. Initial assessment is to acknowledge the strength or weakness of each student and thoroughly learning about what is the best approach of learning about the students and the better approach or method of teaching the students, so they are able to understand. Target settings will also apply as a motivation for the students so they are able to understand the actual target’s that are required to be followed.
Vygotsky's theories are constantly compared to that of Piaget's because they are both considered to be constructivists in the field of cognitive development. While there are many differences in their theories in the field of cognitive development, there are some similarities among the way they both, Piaget and Vygotsky, view the nature, or development, of human intelligence. For example, they both believe that students learn by fitting new information together with the information that they already know. They also believe that learning is affected by the context in which an idea is taught, as well as by beliefs and attitudes because the boundaries of cognitive growth are established by societal influences. They also agree that children's speech is an important part of their cognitive development and that it occurs in distinct stages.
Task 1 The meaning of the concept of flexible learning is the opportunity for students to tailor the way information is physically and mentally received. Adaptability and ease of access are quite essential to the program as some students need to feel like they have a little control over their learning routine. Personal circumstances can change and to broaden the spectrum of people seeking higher education a more open approach is needed. Thus, we identified flexible learning as a complex domain and one that could be experienced in many different ways. We have also seen some of the opportunities as well as constraints that will confront translating abstractions into practice.
Analyse different ways in which you would establish ground rules with learners, which underpin behavior and respect others. Ground rules are set of rules which are set to govern the interactions and expected behaviors of learners in order to promote an effective learning environment. The different ways to establish ground rule are:- • Tutor setting ground rules where learners are given a list of set rules which are not discussed but they are to be adhered to. This approach is restrictive and tutor runs the risk of having to constantly spend time reinforcing them. • Learners setting ground rules which are less restrictive, more inclusive and more likely to be successful as it allow learners to take ownership and they are more likely to keep them.
Assessment of student-centered learning One of the most critical differences between student-centered learning and teacher-centered learning is in assessment. In student-centered learning, students participate in the evaluation of their learning. This means that students are involved in deciding how to demonstrate their learning. Developing assessment that supports learning and motivation is essential to the success of student-centered approaches. One of the main reasons teacher resist student-centered learning is the view of assessment as problematic in practice.