Minority Populations in the Child Welfare System

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History of Minority Populations in the Child Welfare System Your Name BSHS 301 Date Your instructors Name History of Minority Populations in the Child Welfare System The movement to the child welfare system started in 1853 by Charles Loring Brace as the Children’s Aid Society to give sources for the poor and homeless children (The Children’s Aid Society, 2012). The United States Child Welfare System’s goals are to “assure the long-term well-being of children, within their families whenever possible” (McCroskey & Meezan, 1998). The minority population within our children’s welfare system is alarmingly high with over 60% of all the placements just within 2003 and the largest growing minority race is the African American/Black with 17 of every 1000 children in the system whereas as the Caucasian/White race is only six in every 1000 child (Martin, 2007). The challenging goals of the child’s welfare system are to utilize their knowledge without bias in order to ensure each child receives the proper care, treatment, and placement. Studies have shown that children who have come from urban, low-income and minority parents are investigated far more than the “average” family for child abuse and neglect (Child Welfare League of America, 2005). In 2008 a survey was conducted to gather just how many children were in the welfare system versus the percentage of the total child population and the results were alarming. According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2008 American Community Survey, the African American child population was only 14% while 31% were in foster care versus the White; non-Hispanic child population was 56% to 40% in foster care (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2011). Knowing the external factors that exist that include poverty, instability of homes, and a lack of resources are part that affect the child welfare system and the ethnic

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