This was supported by the National Child Development Study which found that children from low income households were an average of 9 months behind in their education compared to others. It showed that material factors such as a poor diet, overcrowded housing and lack of resources have an impact on working class children’s education. Additionally, family socialisation also is believed to affect the social class differences in achievement. Parental interest is shown to have a big impact. JWB Douglas did a longitudinal study of 5’362 children in 1964 which continued until they were 16.
3) Here are the differences this paper will cover; it will cover finances, feminine vs. masculine traits, and economics. Being a single mother is different from being a single father because masculinity often outweighs femininity and economics today. In the society today there is still sexism that occurs in the workplace, and often men will still obtain a higher job then women, therefore having much higher pay than women. According to Baer (2011) “The median average income for all single-mother families was just $25,172 — down by more than $2,000 since 2000. The median average income for married couples with children was three times greater and, for the relatively few single-father families, nearly one and a half times greater.
Per the US Census Bureau single parents consist of “other families” which are households of unmarried couples. Single parents are 56 percent of other families and single mothers are 85 percent of single parents. We expect single parents to grow at a slightly lower-than-average rate of 18 percent between 1990 and 2010, but remain the bulk of all single parents in 2010, at nearly 8 million households. With the growing population of single mothers, there are also becoming a large number of single fathers. Currently 62 percent of single fathers are age 35 and older, compared to 48 percent of single mothers which are quite younger in age.
The evidence supporting the class dealignment thesis may be seen in the fall if the majority voting for their natural class. For instance, the percentage not voting for their natural class increased from 44% in 1987 to 64% in 1996. Moreover, in 1997, 61% of the DE social class voted for Labour whereas in 2001 it had decreased to 50%, therefore demonstrating that class dealignment shows a weakening relationship between social class and party support. In the mid 1960's, B voters supporting Conservative and C1 and 2 voters supporting Labour accounted for 64% of the total vote. But the 1970's saw a decline in the number of people voting according to their natural class.
Childbearing refers to the act or process of giving birth. All three have changed drastically over the last forty years. Since 1970, marriage rates have changed significantly. There has been a decrease in marriage from 48000 in 1972 to only 306000 in 2000. Item A states that only half as many people are getting married today.
Illegal immigrants are the least-educated group, with nearly 75 percent having at most a high school education. Overall, 55 percent of the foreign-born population has no education past high school, compared to 42 percent of natives. The median immigrant worker has an income of $30,000 per year, trailing native workers by about 18 percent. At $22,500 per year, illegal aliens make even less than their legal counterparts. Though U.S.-born children of legal immigrants are no more likely to be in poverty than those in native households, the children of illegal aliens and foreign-born children of legal immigrants
Studies have shown that children who have come from urban, low-income and minority parents are investigated far more than the “average” family for child abuse and neglect (Child Welfare League of America, 2005). In 2008 a survey was conducted to gather just how many children were in the welfare system versus the percentage of the total child population and the results were alarming. According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2008 American Community Survey, the African American child population was only 14% while 31% were in foster care versus the White; non-Hispanic child population was 56% to 40% in foster care (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2011). Knowing the external factors that exist that include poverty, instability of homes, and a lack of resources are part that affect the child welfare system and the ethnic
The census data for 2006 shows that 36.5 million Americans or about one in eight lived below the federal poverty like of $20,614 in income for a family of four. More than a third of them are children, and 3.4 are 65 and older. While the poverty rate continues to rise, the number of children without health care insurance continues to rise with it. Billiteri, J. Thomas (2007, September 7) Domestic Poverty ( Vol. 17, Issue 31).
It is suggested that Nationwide, low-income Americans vote at much lower rate than wealthier citizens, which mirrors the reality that more than three quarters of all citizens in households with incomes over $75,000 are registered to vote but less than half of citizens in households earning under 15,000 are registered ( Fleishmann, 2004). There is an important lesson learned in understanding the correlation that exists between non-voting members of society and lower economic and social
Social Security and Medicare kept more aging Americans out of poverty. In the 1990’s only 17% of aging adults sixty-five or older lived with families. The downward trend has now reversed and multigenerational households are on the rise again. The United States Census Bureau data indicated in 2007 the number of older adults who moved