The first of these is the kouros, a figure of a young nude male and the second is the kore, a figure of a young clothed female (Richter, 102-106). The earliest known versions of the kouros and kore are clearly derivatives of Egyptian sculptures. Apart from the difference in subjects (youths rather than religious figures), the Greeks made few innovations. One that is
Archeological evidence shows that the bottom chamber was abandoned, while the second was named the queens chamber. The third and final chamber is called the kings chamber and it is located at the center of the pyramid. The Egyptians were known as the masters of megalithic construction. It is still a mystery today, including a lot of the other megalithic constructions such as Stonehenge, how a pyramid of this size and weight could have been created. The research will also cover the advance technology that was used to create this massive structure without machines of mass power.
The story of David versus Goliath, as told in I Samuel 17:28-51, tells the tale of David, a humble Shepherd boy who kills the giant Goliath with a sling and a stone. The Biblical character of David has been the subject of many works of art by some of the world’s most famous sculptures. The young David has been depicted in marble by such Italian artists as Donatello, Michelangelo, and Bernini. Michelangelo and Donatello, probably the most respected artists of the Renaissance period made their sculptures in fashion typical for that period with due respect for Greek influences. Their “David” is depicted nude and in classic muscular form.
On the back two wings stick out and his body is plump. The statuette of kneeling Amenhotep III looks as if he is an innocent child, and he too is plump in stature, his naked chest shows off his chubbiness. It was documented that Amenhotep III was not a child when this statue was made; it is one
The Great Pyramids and The Stepped Pyramid Ancient Egyptian architecture is arguably the most recognizable of all the architecture of the civilizations that came before us. Two examples of the precision and skill of the ancient Egyptians are The Great Pyramids of Giza and Imhotep’s Stepped Pyramid and Mortuary precinct of Djoser. These were built at different time periods with Imhotep’s Stepped Pyramid being constructed around three hundred years before the Great Pyramids of Giza. But even with this time gap there were still many similarities between the two pyramids. The first similarity one will notice about both of the monuments is that they are both located on the west bank of the Nile, in a region called the Necropolis.
The pyramid is also the tallest man made structure for over 3800 years, and was later surpassed by Lincoln cathedral. The pyramid is a tomb built for the fourth dynasty Egyptian king Khufu, and that is why the pyramid of Giza is also called Khufu’s pyramid or the pyramid of Khufu. Khufu was remembered as a very ruthless king, but he is also remembered as the builder of the pyramid. The pyramid was built just under 30 years, used about 2 million blocks of stone, each blocks weigh 2.5 tons, and how did they move them from 500 miles away? Well a lot of people belief that sloping ramps built out of mud, stone, and wood were used as transportation.
The earliest and greatest of the pyramids at Giza is Khufu’s pyramid, which stands 479 feet high and has a base of 755 square feet. It took 2.3 million stone blocks to construct Khufu’s Pyramid, and each block weighed between 2 and 5 tons each (Sayre, 2011, pp.73). That’s 4.5 – 11.5 million tons of stone! That would be an impressive feat even with modern man’s machinery, so how did the ancient Egyptians accomplish such an enormous configuration? That question remains unanswered to this day, but there are many theories and speculations.
This find caused fascination all over the world, since it was the only exact copy of a life-sized army created by humanity. The name of the sculptor who created the ensemble is unknown, but he or she must have been a person of immense artistic power and creativity. Most of all the sculptures are incredibly realistic, depicting the soldiers in extremely detailed form. Little can be said about the background of the sculptor as well, since almost nothing is known about his or her personality. Scientists guess that he or she must have been an individual with a military background, and who could understand the Emperor’s wishes perfectly.
The two main competitors were two master goldsmiths,Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi, who has the support of Cosimo de Medici. Finally, Brunelleschi won and received the commission. The noticeable point is that it was the first 'octagonal' dome in history to be built without a temporary wooden supporting frame. The building of such a masonry dome posed many technical problems. Brunelleschi decided to follow the pantheon strategy but all the information about its construction was forgotten.
The Luxor Temple The Luxor Temple is a lesser temple to the temple of Karnak which is easily one of the biggest temples in the Valley of the Kings. These temples were shrines dedicated to the greatest of all the Pharaohs. Amon Ra or as some people simply call him the Sun God for that reason. These great temples are located in the famous Valley of the Kings and the Luxor temple is fairly large but is very small compared to the Karnak temple which is over 100,000 square feet! These temples were not only dedicated to Amon Ra and his family but they also had giant statues showing tribute to Ramses as well.