According the CDC, ADHD is “neurobehavioral disorders of childhood and can persist through adolescence and into adulthood.” The symptoms for ADHD include procrastination, lack of focus and concentration, tardiness, and distractibility. Not every person classified with ADHD exhibits every symptom. Three types of ADHD have been created according to which symptoms are strongest in the individual: Predominantly Inattentive Type, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type, and Combined Type. The Predominantly Inattentive Type the person is easily distracted, hard for the individual to organize, finish a task, and forgetful of details in daily routines. A person is Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type when he or she fidgets and talks a lot.
Over the past few years much question has arose about the proper diagnosis and treatment of children with ADHD. Many times children without ADHD have been treated for experiencing the same characteristics of a child with ADHD even though not to the same degree. The decision to treat medically is an ethical decision as well as medical. The treatment for ADHD is most often psychotropic drugs like Ritalin, Adderal, and Concerta. These drugs are effective for ADHD, but it has been prescribed for more children than was predicted to even be diagnosed.
Depressive disorders, which include major depressive disorder (unipolar depression), dysthymic disorder (chronic, mild depression), and bipolar disorder (manic-depression), can have far reaching effects on the functioning and adjustment of young people. Among both children and adolescents, depressive disorders confer an increased risk for illness and interpersonal and psychosocial difficulties that persist long after the depressive episode is resolved; in adolescents there is also an increased risk for substance abuse and suicidal behavior 1,2,3. Unfortunately, these disorders often go unrecognized by families and physicians alike. Signs of depressive disorders in young people often are viewed as normal mood swings typical of a particular developmental
Unfortunately there is no cure for CP, but there are treatments, therapy, and in some cases sugary to help the child live with the condition. Cerebral Palsy is one of the most common congenital disorders of childhood. An average of half a million adults and children suffer from CP in the United States. This disorder affects both complex and simple muscle coordination and also affects normal vital functions such as breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating and learning. Fortunately CP does not get worse over time.
Group Therapy is used to provide support structure to individuals suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder and to provide social motivation (Mayclinic: Schizoid Personality Disorder, 2010). Case Study 2: Luis suffers from DSM-IV: Narcissistic Personality Disorder Causes: Like many other mental disorders, the exact cause of Narcissistic Personality Disorder is unknown. However, the causes of Narcissistic Personality Disorder are presumably complex. It is likely the cause is connected to a dysfunctional childhood where the individual may experience excessive pampering, abuse, neglect, or extremely high expectations from parents. Other possible contributors to Narcissistic Personality Disorder can be linked to genetics, as well as psychobiology (the correlation of the brain, behavior, and thinking) (Mayoclinic: Narcissistic Personality Disorder, 2011).
Depending on the severity of hearing loss most children with type 2 can benefit from hearing aids and communicate verbally. The onset of retinitis pigmentosa often appears in the teenage years. The National Health Institute reports that Type 1 and 2 are the most common in the United States. In Type 3 Usher Syndrome the children are born with normal hearing and as the children reach puberty hearing loss begins and night vision problems increase. Children with type 3 Usher Syndrome have normal or close to normal balance but chance of balance problems increases with age.
There are a great diversity of childhood disorder forms and causes. Some of these disorders are primarily disorders of the brain, while others are more behavioral in nature. Whatever the cause of child’s disorders or illnesses, one basic rule applies to what to do about helping them: It is best to seek professional treatment at the earliest time possible. Early treatment and intervention for children's symptoms helps reduce the impact of those symptoms on further development. Untreated symptoms can snowball and lead to the development of sometimes severe secondary problems such as social, academic and occupational difficulties, addictions, poor self-esteem, suicide attempts, self-harm (cutting or burning oneself) and the like.
A key part of the prognosis of any disorder or disease is early detection; known risk factors help provide an avenue for early diagnosis and treatment, and therefore an improved prognosis. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a behavioral issue that is well-represented by its name. In the general population, there is a balance between a person’s activity level and his/her ability to concentrate. In a person with ADHD, this relationship is not well-balanced. ADHD is a disorder most common in children, and requires that the symptoms be present by age seven in order to qualify for a diagnosis (Amer.
The findings appear to point to multiple reasons for the development of this disorder. Regardless of the cause, the effects can have a detrimental impact on both the individual and the family throughout a lifetime. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is classified into three subtypes: Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, predominantly inattentive, and combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive (Foley, 2011). The majority of children diagnosed with ADHD are in the third subtype which exhibits both hyperactivity and inattentiveness (Foley, 2011) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) states nine different behaviors associated with ADHD which are failing to pay close attention to details or making careless mistakes, having difficulty sustaining attention, not listening, not following through, having difficulty organizing, having low task persistence, losing things, being easily distracted, being forgetful, fidgeting, being out
To research this topic it helped me complete a project, as well as know a little bit more about my Aunt. Hypothesis My hypothesis concludes that women are at least 85% more likely to develop PTSD than men. Background/Research PTSD has been around as early as 2000 B.C! It is unsaid who founded the first studies for people with symptoms from PTSD first, but Dr. Kardiner first discovered back in the late '30s and early '40s some of the symptoms that these people encounter. We also know that this condition can come from assault, domestic