ADHD is one of the most common childhood disorders and can carry on through adolescence and adulthood. Symptoms include difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behaviour and hyperactivity. Scientists are not sure what causes ADHD, but many studies suggest that genes are a factor. In addition to genetics, researchers are looking at possible environmental factors, and are studying how brain injuries, nutrition, and the social environment might cause ADHD. Children who have suffered a brain injury may show some behaviour similar to those of ADHD.
Tay-Sachs disease Tay-Sachs disease is a rare inherited genetic disorder which destroys nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. TSD usually occurs in infants who show no signs of the disease until they reach the age of three to six months. At this point, the infant’s development starts to slow down, and the muscles they use for movement start to get weaker. Infants who are affected with TSD lose their motor skills and will not be able to do the things that most children their age can such as turning over, sitting up, and even crawling. In later stages of TSD, the child will experience seizures, vision and hearing loss, exhibit an abnormal startle response to loud noises and paralysis.
Also the percentage of children with an ADHD diagnosis that are being placed on medication jumped from 55% in 1989 to 75% in 1996 (Gibbs 1998). Now that I have illustrated some of the statistics behind our country’s ADD/ADHD children, perhaps I should talk a little more about what exactly an ADD/ADHD child is. ADHD does not have physical signs that can be recognized in the patient. Most diagnoses are made through observation and over a period of time. The most common behaviors fall into the three following categories: inattention, hyperactivity, and
Researches say pervasive development disorders occur in about five to 15 children per 10,000 births. PDDs are most common in boys than in girls, with the exception of Rett's syndrome, which occurs almost always in girls. How are pervasive development disorders diagnosed? If a child is showing signs of having a Pervasive development disorder, the doctor will do an evaluation by doing a medical history and physical exam. There are no laboratory tests to diagnose a PDD, the doctor may use different tests such as X-rays and blood tests to determine if there is a physical disorder causing the
A learning disability happens when a persons brain development is affected, either before they are born, during their birth or in early childhood. Several factors can affect brain development including – ( the mother becoming ill during pregnancy. ( problems during the birth that may stop enough oxygen getting to the babies brain. ( the unborn baby developing certain genes. ( the parents passing certain genes to the unborn baby that make having a learning disability more likely.
Well A.D.D. stands for attention deficit disorder it is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder affecting about 3-5% of the world's population. It typically presents itself during childhood, and is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity, as well as forgetfulness, poor impulse control or impulsivity, and distractibility. A.D.D. is currently considered a persistent and chronic condition for which no medical cure is available, although medication and therapy can treat symptoms.
Birth Defects enable the child to be fully developed. Babies born with a meth addiction can Suffer from low birth rate, tremors, attention deficit disorder, and other birth defects. An unborn child is not protected while in their mother’s uterus, so he/she are exposed to whatever the carrier intake is. An infant who has been exposed to drugs before birth has in increased risk of dying of SIDS also known as “crib death”. Behavioral Problems: Parental substance abuse can be destructive to a family and the relationship that exists within the unit.
There are many factors that lead to developmental delays in children. These factors are divided into genetic influences and environmental influences. Children who come from households with low socioeconomic status are more at risk for developmental delays (Dunlap, 51-53). Prenatal (before birth), perinatal (during birth), and postnatal factors (after birth) also play a role in these delays. For example, an infant may be born prematurely, be exposed to drugs in the womb, or experience maternal deprivation.
Cerebral Palsy Cerebral Palsy is a term used this days for specialist to describe the disorders of movements in one child, Cerebral Palsy is a brain injury that may occur before birth, during bith or in the fist years of life, this injury does not caused damage in the muscles or nerves of the child, it is only the brain's ability to control the muscles. One child with Cerebral Palsy may had another problems like mental retardation, seizures, language disorders, vision and hearing problems, because the Cerebral Palsy involved the develop of the child it is also known like Development Disability, as today more and more people has Cerebral Palsy than the others disabilities. Many children with Cerebral Palsy can recover, but the Cerebral Palsy it is more a lifelong disability and how the disability will affect the child's life depend on many factors like the support that the child receive as medical, educational and the most important thing the therapeutic care that they can get to have a better life. There to many types and classifications of Cerebral Palsy to describe the disorder covered by the term, and the classification it is based on the location of the brain damage like spastic, choreoathetoid, and mixed, and the treatment is fundamental in the progress of the child. The parents need to be aware about the symptoms in the first months of the child's life, it is very important because it will help to get the child diagnosis, doctors with the help of the parents can be a great job and found what kind of Cerebral Palsy the child has to be treated as soon as possible.
However, there is no way to prevent savant syndrome. Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder of children, characterized by improvised communication, excessive rigidity, and emotional detachment Autism is usually diagnosed in children between the ages of 18 months and 4 years. Savant syndrome comes in many forms. Mild autism is called Asperger’s syndrome, and usually affects children in their social development. Severe autism can cause children to function at very low levels, including no speech, unable to toilet train , and have violent outbursts.