When these basic physiological needs are met people move onto the next level which is Safety. This includes security, stability, protection, and freedom from fear, anxiety, and chaos. The third level of needs is love and belonging. This encompasses the giving and receiving of affection through family, relationships, and work. When these needs are unmet a person will feel a sense of emptiness of these things.
The next level is known as security. This is the need of being secure, of being safe. “These needs can be satisfied by living in a safe area, medical insurance, job security, financial services.” (NetMBA, 2007) The two levels mentioned above are often classified as lower-order needs, while the remaining three are classified as higher-order needs. The third level is known as the belongingness level. People need to overcome feelings of loneliness.
Security needs are important for survival, but they do not take precedence over the physiological needs. The third level of the hierarchy is belongingness and love needs. Simply put, this is the social needs level, which includes friendship, family, and sexual intimacy. This level concerns our sense of belonging, feeling accepted, and the need to be loved, feeling human contact and connection in the social sense as well as relationship wise. If we do not belong to someone (relationship) or something (group setting), for
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory of motivation and personality developed by the psychologist Abraham H. Maslow (1908-1970). Maslow's hierarchy explains human behavior in terms of basic requirements for survival and growth. These requirements, or needs, are arranged according to their importance for survival and their power to motivate the individual. The most basic physical requirements, such as food, water, or oxygen, constitute the lowest level of the need hierarchy. These needs must be satisfied before other, higher needs become important to individuals.
| The Five Needs of Surviving | | | Shanise Bradley | Whatcom Community College | | In order to survive as a human being there are five “needs” that we have to fulfill. Abraham Maslow developed the five hierarchy needs. The five needs are listed in order of importance because you cannot fulfill one unless you are satisfied with the more important need that places below it. The first need is physical. This involves basic survival needs such as eating, sleeping and breathing.
In my project, I describe the Hierarchy of Human Needs, which was developed by the humanistic theorist Abraham Maslow in 1943. Laura King, the author of Experience Psychology, writes: “Humanistic psychologists believe that we all have the ability to control our lives and to achieve what we desire” (p. 370). For the media project I drew a pyramid with five levels of human needs. I used the visual pictures as my project media because it will help the other students to see and understand better the different levels of Maslow’s pyramid. At the base of the pyramid are the very basic but the strongest needs – physiological, followed by safety, love/belonging, self-esteem and at the very top of the pyramid is self-actualization.
So let us explore the Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs These first four levels he calls deficit needs because if you do not have enough of something you have a deficit and you will feel the need. If you get all you need, you will feel nothing at all, beings your needs are met! Maslow started with the most basic level, which is Physical Needs. Physical Needs include the needs we have for oxygen, water, protein, salt, sugar, calcium, and other minerals and vitamins.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs consists of five levels: Physiological Needs, Safety Needs, Needs of Love, Needs for Esteem and Needs for Self actualization. “All of his basic needs are instictoid, equivalent of instincts in animals” (Janet A. Simons, Donald B. Irwin & Beverly A. Drinnien). Not many people will make it through all five levels through their life, but we’ll see how many levels I have accomplished so far. First level: Physiological Needs which consist of oxygen, food, water, body temperature, and also the need to be active to rest and sleep. These needs “are the strongest needs because if a person were deprived of all needs, the physiological ones would come first in the person’s search for satisfaction” (Janet A. Simons, Donald B. Irwin & Beverly A. Drinnien).
Psychologist Abraham Maslow first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation"1 and his subsequent book, Motivation and Personality. This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfil basic needs before moving on to other needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep and warmth.
We satisfy these needs to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences. Once we satisfy our basic needs, we can move on to our next level of needs, which are for safety and security. When our basic needs have been met, our needs become more psychological and social. The need for love, friendship, and intimacy will soon become very important to us. The need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment start to have a higher priority.