The physiological needs are the basic needs of humans such as food and water was at the bottom of the hierarchy. The physiological need is the largest to fill and is worked on every day. Maslow believed this need was satisfied by most people, but became predominant when unmet. The safety needs is the need to have a predictable world that is easy to understand. During emergencies, such as health issues and loss of a job, this need will rise to the forefront.
Safety needs are a need to feel safe in the world. The person needs to feel like they are free from danger or threatening people. They need this to feel like they are fully developed and have freedom from these bad things. If a person does not have a home they feel like they are going against this need to be able to thrive. Having a home can make a person feel safe because they are away from the outside toxic wastes.
Safety needs are another simple, yet important piece of the pyramid. A person’s well-being is dependent upon safety and protection. Communicating is the key to obtaining security. For example, if a person were to be in a life threatening situation, they would need to call the appropriate authority or ask for help. In the middle of Maslow’s hierarchy is the need to belong in society.
Safety and Security Needs: Security of: body, employment, resoufces, morality, the family, health, property. Love and Belonging (Social) Needs: Friendship, family, sexual intimacy. Esteem Needs: Self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of others, respect by others. Self-actualizing Needs Morality, creativity, spontaneity, problem solving, lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts. Physiological Needs: Physiological needs, for the most part are obvious, literal requirements for human survival.
The fourth represents “esteem” or confidence, self-esteem, accomplishment, respect for self and others. The fifth, again the psychological, represents the highest need, but only can be achieved after the others (deficiently needs) are met. The fifth is called self-actualization, and consist of morality,
“Every end is just the start to something else.” When one goal is accomplished, it does not stop there. Achieving one goal reveals many more to search and fulfill. Making dreams come true through hard work and labor is what keeps humans growing. “I’m searching, seeking, reaching for something more. I’ll be better than before.” By reaching out for things in this life, humans attain more knowledge through experience and also improve their personality and character.
It is the key to understanding why a person’s relationship with others progresses the way it does. Relationships often define the quality of one’s life. There is meaning and reason behind the actions of how one feels, loves and operates the way he or she does (Clinton & Sibcy, 2002). Attachment is described as a tight affectional bond that provides a person with a sense of security. Secure attachment is characterized by calmness, coherency, and confidence while in crisis.
ORIGIN OF MOTIVATION THEORY Topic & Significance: This section focuses on the contributions of sociologist Abram Maslow and his concept of Hierarchy of needs. This section will continue by exploring the evolution of that concept by two other theorists, Feedback Herzberg and C.P. Alderfer. HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY In the first half of this century, sociologist Abraham Maslow proposes that all humans have universal needs, and those needs could be categorized and predicted.He says that these needs fall into five categories; Physiological, security, social, esteem, and self-actualization. Maslow developed these needs in a hierarchical pattern with physiological needs being the most proponent until satisfied.
It also includes desire for gaining more knowledge, social- service, creativity and being aesthetic. The self- actualization needs are never fully satiable. As an individual grows psychologically, opportunities keep cropping up to continue growing.According to Maslow, individuals are motivated by unsatisfied needs. As each of these needs is significantly satisfied, it drives and forces the next need to emerge. Maslow grouped the five needs into two categories -Higher-order needs and Lower-order needs.
Without these needs, life would be pointless. When this level is accomplished we can then move on to the second level, which is safety needs; the need for safety and security that allows us to feel comfortable with our surroundings. We then move on to the third level; belonging and love needs which makes us feel wanted or accepted and that we have a place in society. Once this level is met, we then move on to the fourth level of esteem needs. This level of achievement allows us to feel a sense of respect and confidence of the accomplishments we have made in life.