When the stranger comforts the infant after being left alone, the infant calmed down unlike in type B. Type C is the ‘insecure – anxious resistant’ category. A child who falls into this category is anxious of exploration and of strangers, even when the mother is present. When the mother leaves the infant gets extremely distressed. When the mother returns, the infant gives mixed signals.
He believes that when the child is between the ages of 6-24 months the child has a clear cut attachment. Which I feel shows that the child is clearly attached to their parent and they do not want to be without them. This leads the child to have separation anxiety while away from their parent or caregiver. Separation anxiety depends on “infant temperament, context and adult behavior.” (text page 197) In most cases when a toddler is experiencing this type of anxiety he or she gets upset because their trusted caregiver is leaving them. Like the young toddler as previously mentioned being left at the daycare, she begs and cries for her mother as she drops her off.
In the study, the inconsistent parenting style caused infants to cling anxiously to their mothers in unfamiliar settings, and cry when she left the room. While the mother was gone, the infants tended to not explore their surroundings, but act with indifference or hostility upon their mother’s return. Many of these infants continued to cry inconsolable after being picked up by their mothers. When infants, then children, are exposed to inconsistent parenting, they become insecure and anxious about close relationships as they grow older. When these people are involved in romantic relationships, they are clingy and unsure if their partner will remain with them.
Another emotion is fear, when I tried to get closer to Jenna she even cried louder showing stranger wariness stage when an infant no longer smiles at any friendly face and cries even more to an unfamiliar person who moves too close. b. What behaviors did the infant demonstrate that could be explained by one or more of the theories in your textbook? Discuss the behavior and the theory. For example, did you see any evidence of one of Freud’s stages?
P4 – Explain possible responses when dealing with two particular incidents or emergencies in health or social care setting D2- justify responses to a particular incident or emergency in a health and social care setting. The two incidents I have decided to explain are abuse and fire emergency. Case study 1: within a nursery (play group) there was a child; who is normally jolly and excited, but one day this child seemed very unhappy, distraught and upset; he was looking very tearful. I tried to get him to play with the other children but he kept refusing to do so, he shut his self from everyone in the room, he distanced himself by sitting much further away. I started to believe that he may be feeling unwell but this was not the case.
The final 12% were ‘insecure-resistant’. They would be uneasy around their mother and upset when she left the room. They tried to resist strangers and were quite difficult to comfort when their mother returned. The study shows that there are significant individual differences between infants attachments (i.e. there are different types of attachments.)
Ainsworth et al devised an assessment technique called the strange situation in order to investigate how attachments might vary between children. She carried out an observational lab study and developed an experimental procedure to observe the variety of attachment forms exhibited between mothers and infants. Ainsworth’s ‘strange situation’ was conducted by observing the behaviour of the infant in a series of 3-minute episodes as follows 1.) Parent and infant alone in the room 2.) Stranger joins parent and infant 3.)
According to Bowlby (1973), a child’s attachment pattern forms in relationship to the primary caregiver and is usually generalized to subsequent relationships. Individuals at significant risk for developing maladaptive attachment relationships are children who are abused or neglected by their caregiver. Early disruptions in the attachment relationship thwart the child’s ability to regulate arousal, develop secure relationships, and cope with stress. Not able to use caregivers as a secure base for exploration, children
OUTLINE AND EVALUATE THE USE OF THE STRANGE STUATION TO ASSESS ATTACHMENT 12 MARKS The SS (strange situation) is a controlled observation research technique used to measure the kind of attachment between an infant (age between 9 – 18 months) and a parent. Ainsworth used 25 middle class working women and infants to help carry out this experiment. It is conducted in a lab environment with a 9x9 foot square, marked off in 16 squares to help record the infants’ movement accurately so as to compare and record how far the child explores. The procedure lasts 21 minutes each lasting three minutes. Ainsworth observed the experiment covertly using a one way mirror so as not do distort her results by having another stranger in the room.
When someone forcefully shakes a baby, the child’s head rotates about the neck uncontrollably because the infants neck muscles aren’t well developed and provide little support for their heads. This paper examines the symptoms, prevalence, treatment, research and legal issues associated with Shaken Baby Syndrome. Shaken Baby Syndrome, trauma, abuse, hemorrhage When imagining a child under 2 years of age, most picture a smiling, curiously adorable baby, that brings joy to their parents. When that baby is crying and inconsolable most parents feel that frustration and helplessness to stop their crying. This is when a decision is made, a reactive decision to end the baby’s crying.