Overall the Puritans were a religious group with a core of specific beliefs that are at the essence of the Puritan Faith. Those two beliefs are the belief that man is predestined or divided into two groups, the damned and the elect. The second core belief is that of free grace versus a doctrine of works. This means that man cannot save himself by changing his ways and doing good deeds. Instead it means than humanity is only saved by the free grace and mere good will of God and that whosoever believes in Christ and has faith may escape Hell.
Being independent does not mean that we have to cut everybody out of our lives to accomplish what we desire. Equality 7-2521 says he has found “the answer”, which he had long been searching for. That he, himself will be the meaning of new things. He announces that he is done with the word “we” because it is the “root of all evils”. Equality 7-2521 now sees himself as the “face of god”.
Christians believe that God created the world and all that is in it. It is believed that humanity is created in the image of God, and that God gave people free will therefore there is good and evil in the world. The Ten Commandments are guidelines received by Moses from God on how adherents can lead good lives. They should not be avoided in fear of punishment, but embraced as a way to be saved from The Fall, where humans make sinful choices. Adherents believe meaning can be found in their response to evil and suffering.
First you have to admit the existence of sin in all peoples. But there are others who are not thinkers who may have had their moral and spiritual natures so hardened that that they are past feeling. Most Christians realize that sin is in them, a fact they do not try to deny. With this realization they have used the account of the fall of man as a lesson to carry in their hearts and to attempt to live a better life. The enormity of this single act by Adam caused the fall of the whole human race and will continue through
Situation ethics does have rules and principles to abide by. However, situationists are allowed to set these general rules aside if it seems more loving to do so. Situational ethics is a teleological theory as it is mainly concerned with the outcome and if this outcome is the most loving thing. Fletcher argued that “loves decisions are made situationally not prescriptively” this statement can be accounted for by the actions of Jesus Christ himself. Christianity teaches that people should not work on the day of Sabbath as God himself didn’t and that it should be the day of rest.
However since we already have an idea of God as this perfect and infinite being, he must exist. Furthermore, since the natural light clears deception as an imperfection as well as not existing, God is a non-deceiver, he exist and is perfect. After the cogito argument and natural light examination of the deceptive God, Descartes discards the hypothesis that God is a deceiver. Since God is all-good, he would not deceive us. For that reason, Descartes introduces the evil demon/genius instead.
We use this is help us choose the right moral action is situations. Aristotle and Aquinas both conclude that humans aim for some goal or purpose in life-but does not see this as eudemonia. Aquinas believes that humans are the ‘image of god’ therefore the supreme good must be the development of this image which is perfection. They did not believe that you could reach this perfection in this life but the afterlife. There are the three laws in Aquinas’ book which are eternal, natural and divine.
As he said that in fact evil comes from angels and human beings who chose deliberately to deny and disobey what God had taught them, by turning away from him and what he had wished for mankind. Augustine believed that every human being was an offshoot of Adam and hence that every single person in the world is guilty of evil, this is as it was Adam who committed ultimate sin in the Garden of Eden. Augustine believed very strongly that evil should be punished. Therefore it was Augustine’s theodicy that said that natural evil in the world is a fitting punishment for moral wickedness. He strongly believed that evil is solely a result of human rebellion.
The relationship between a theistic God (considering there is one) and morality cannot be explained in simply a few sentences. One may immediately come to the conclusion that God decides what is moral and immoral. This is known as Divine Command Theory which says that morality is dependent on God’s commands. However, this gives rise to the other side that says an action is moral because God approves of it. This is known as the Autonomy thesis which says that morality is not dependent on God’s commands.