SLAVERY AS A CAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR There is no doubt that the civil war was the most brutal battle fought on American soil between the years of 1861 to 1865. The Union and Confederate states had many differences between them, which resulted in the Civil war including from the issue of the South and State Rights, to the issue of national unity and westward expansion. Although one of the most controversial causes of the civil war was the issue of slavery. It was the reason that many historians believe as to why the civil war broke out in the first place. The South were all for slavery: * Slaves would work on the cotton and tobacco plantations in the south, working the land.
Slavery was the main cause of the breakup of the Union and influenced other factors, such as territorial expansion, industrialization and economic tensions, and political alignments. Combined, all of these conflicts, with slavery at the root, led to the conflicts in the nation that started the Civil War. The issue of slavery caused conflict regarding new territories, economic stratification, and political turmoil. All of these tensions served to divide the nation, North against South, to start the Civil War. Slavery, in itself, was the most predominant reason for the breakup of the Union.
In the 1840s and '50s, the party was in conflict over extending slavery to the Western territories. Southern Democrats insisted on protecting slavery in all the territories while many Northern Democrats resisted. The party split over the slavery issue in 1860 at its Presidential convention in Charleston, South Carolina. The Gilded Age politics, called the Third Party System, was characterized by intense competition between the two parties, with minor parties coming and going, especially on issues of concern to prohibitionists, labor unions and farmers. The Emancipation Proclamation issued on 1863 may have given some 4 million slaves their freedom, but the process of rebuilding The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation laws enacted after the Reconstruction period in Southern United States, at state and local levels, and which continued in force until 1965, which mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.
Nonetheless the second question still is yet to be answered. Who was Dred Scott ?. Dred Scott (1795-1858) was an enslaved man in Missouri of one hundred percent pure African descent. Scott was a slave who was owned by United States Army surgeon John Emerson.Emerson lived in Missouri , a state that permitted slavery. His owner moved to Illinois in 1834, which at the time was a free state and slavery was prohibited by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
Due to conflicts relating to slavery and discrimination, disagreements were hard to settle. The breakdown of trust between opposite parties ultimately resulted in a collapse of compromise. Succession attempts, The Missouri Compromise, The Compromise of 1850, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act are all examples of how political compromise gradually became unfeasible in 1860. In the time period between 1820 and 1860, there was a serious conversion in the political view on slavery. Famous whig Henry Clay, also known as “The Great Compromiser,” attempted to keep the nation together through two different milestone agreements.
The Missouri Compromise The Missouri Compromise was one of the first signs of political controversy between souther states and northern states over power struggle. It resulted with congress making a cutoff at the 36 60 parallels and saying no one north will enter into the union as a slave state. This was done with the help of two men, Tallmadge and Thomas. The Missouri Compromise started as a dispute between whether or not Missouri should come into the Union as a slave state or a non-slave state. At this time there was a struggle between northern states(anti-slave states) and southern states(slave states).
During this time 11 southern slave states seceded from the United States and formed the Confederacy, witch fought against all states allowing slavery (free states) known as the Union. Although slavery was an attribute to the cause of the Civil War, it was not as simplistic as to just freeing the slaves. However there were more reasons that led to this grave battle like secession, as the War between the States emerged over tensions due to industrialization, state and federal rights, slave and non-slave provisions, and the election of Abraham Lincoln. During this time the North had a diverse and fast growing economy based on industry, mining, commerce and transportation like the railroad, with a large and growing population without the use of slavery north of the border states. However the South was driven by a workforce that thrived off the plantation system, which was basically the use of slaves.
The war did not erupt in 1820 because a compromise was reached. The Missouri Compromise was a deal stuck by both sides of Congress, at this time the clear distinction between North and South had not been so prevalent, but this issue about the expansion of slavery was making bold lines in the sand. The Compromise of 1820 was about the extension of slavery and how it should not pass the 36°30’ north line in the Louisiana Territory, Congress wanted to keep the number of slave
Sectionalism in the United States has been an inevitable reality that we have dealt with since the start of the nation. Sectionalism is defined as an excessive concern for the interests of one group or area to the detriment of the whole. There are countless issues that have divided the country and cause unrest between the citizens of the United States. The three that I have chose to explain are The Dred Scott v. Sandford Case, The Nullification Crisis and The Second Bank of America. Dred Scott was an African slave who had lived in states and territories where slavery was illegal, including Illinois and Wisconsin.
Did Slavery Cause the Civil War? The claim of historians that the civil war in America was an outcome of slavery is true, as it was the issue of abolition of slavery that was considered not acceptable by Southern states of the country, as their major plantation and trade was there because of African slaves. According to the people of the South, North was trying to eliminate slavery with unjustified reasons. The Southerners regarded the Northerners as their enemies because, they thought that the government of North was interested in subjugating Southern States by ending slavery and by given equal rights to the slaves. There were eleven States of America that were slave states, as they held slaves in a large ratio; they named themselves as “Confederates of America” while the other side was named as “The Union” (Valley of the shadow).