It is caused by nerve cells dying in certain areas of the brain and the connections between the affected nerve cells deteriorate. As the conditions affecting only or primarily the neurons of the brain, causes gradual but irreversible loss of functions of these cells, Memory loss is one of the earliest symptoms of this disease. Vascular dementia is caused by damage to the brain through deprivation of oxygenated blood causing part or all of the affected area to die. (Series of strokes) Conditions that can cause
Dementia Awareness Dementia is not a disease in its own rights and it is not a part of the normal aging process. It is a progressive condition which means it will gradually become worse. This is because when dealing with dementia brain cells will begin to die and as these brain cells cannot usually be replaced the cells die and the brain begins to shrink. It is a common illness and affects around 820,000 people just in the UK alone. Most people who suffer with it are over 65 but there are 150,000 people under 65 who also suffer with it.
The gradual changes and damage to the brain cells are caused by a build up of abnormal proteins in the brain. Dementia is a common condition that affects about 800,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older and condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65 years. The symptoms of people with dementia is memory (short/long term), Thinking, Speed, Language, Understanding, Judgement and sensory ability. There are some other factors Cause changes in individual condition with similar symptoms of dementia, like depression, confusional state due to an infection (UTI/chest infections), sensory changes due to age related degeneration, reduced metabolism cause poor appetite, Osteoporosis and fear of falling.
Abstract “In the U.S. alone, more than half a million reports of abuse against elderly Americans reach authorities every year, and millions more cases go unreported.” (www.helpguide.org/mental/elder_abuse_physical_emotional_sexual_neglect.htm) Our senior citizens eventually become feeble physically which means they are less likely to have the capability to fight off an attacker. Majority of elderly do not see, hear or think as soundly as they once had the competence to do, this leaves them vulnerable for immoral people to take full advantage of them. Elderly are being abused more than we know and often by those who are personably accountable for their care. Sadly, majority of the abuse comes directly from family members of the elderly patient. In 2010 according to research about ninety percent were family members of the person in need of care.
Dementia is severe loss of social and intellectual ability that interferes with their activities of daily living. There is about ten percent of the elderly population who suffer a type of dementia, in which many people will be a victim to Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the common causes of dementia in the elderly (Bassil & Grossberg, 2009). It affects an estimated 5.1 million people over the age of 65 and expected to increase by 2050 (Bassil & Grossberg, 2009). Those with this condition need extra assistance in
Should everyone with a family history of schizophrenia be screened for the gene that causes it? Schizophrenia is the most persistent and disabling of the major mental illnesses. It usually attacks people between the ages of 16 and 30, as they are beginning to realize their potential. It affects approximately one in 100 people worldwide, (one per cent of the population), affecting men and women almost equally. While it is treatable in many cases, there is as yet no cure for schizophrenia (World Fellowship for Schizophrenia and Allied Disorders, 1997-09).
Incidence of most dementia increases with age. Accordingly the number of dementia patients is increasing rapidly in developed countries, and the impact of this disease on society is tremendous. Approximately 10% of all persons over the age of 70 have significant memory loss, and in more than half the cause is Alzheimer’s disease (AD). AD most often presents with subtle onset of memory loss followed by a slowly progressive dementia that follows a course of several years. Pathologically, there is diffuse atrophy of the cerebral cortex with secondary enlargement of the ventricular system.
Alzheimer's disease affects the brain through exponentially greater cell death and tissue loss, resulting in a decreased brain size. As a result, behavior, memory and thinking are affected. Vascular dementia is caused by blockages and breaches in the brain's blood supply that damage the brain and can be caused by any condition which results in an interruption to the blood flow to the brain, and as well as strokes, this could include diseased arteries, heart attacks, high blood pressure, raised cholesterol, diabetes, furred arteries and irregular heart rhythms. Any condition causing damage to the circulation of blood to the brain carries a risk to mental functioning. People experiencing vascular dementia will, like those with Alzheimer’s disease, have problems with learning, remembering, recognition, planning and problem solving.
According the American Heart Association’s posted statistics in Chapter 12 of this week’s reading, out of more than 6.5 million Americans suffer from strokes each year, roughly 150,000 die as a result from the damage. Al though strokes cannot be permanently prevented about 15 percent of all major strokes show signs prior to the event-taking place. Symptoms of random dizziness, numbness of the face, or even temporary paralysis are all danger signs of a possible stroke. These symptoms are precipitated directly from what is referred to as “Transient Ischemic Attacks” or “TiA”. There are many risks associated with
9336182 Alzheimer’s disease a Chronic Illness In 1906 Dr. Alois Alzheimer was examining a woman who had passed away from an odd mental illness that had memory failure, speech problems and erratic behavior. While examining her he found some abnormal clumps in her brain and bundles of fiber that where tangled. This was the first case of Alzheimer’s that had been documented. There is only one way to truly diagnosis a person with Alzheimer’s was to do an autopsy. The Alzheimer’s Association has reported this disease to be linked as one the most common forms of dementia and is number six in the cause of death in the United States of America.