Liberal Social Reforms Timeline Essay

572 WordsApr 16, 20123 Pages
Liberal Social reforms Timeline: 1890: already hours of work reduced, working conditions improved, houses healthier with plumbing, free education (mandatory for all children), all male householders had the right to vote, wages had risen. POVERTY STILL AN ISSUE 1900s: Why did poverty become a political issue? Seebohm Rowntree's Book, “Poverty: a Study of Town Life” + the books of Charles Booth highlighted the grinding poverty. Boer War (1899) – young men were rejected from the British Army for being unfit, showing that the British workforce wasn't as effective as possible (like America or Germany). Labour Party – a collection of socialist groups were gathering momentum as a political threat, the Liberals were forced to react and try to appeal to those who supported the Labour party. 1905: Around 700 – 800 private charities around to help poor people, including some specifically for children (Barnardos) Poor Law – a shameful thing to accept – workhouse labour, small amounts of money labelled as “relief” and made you a “pauper”. 1906: young liberals like David Lloyd George + Winston Churchill (“New Liberals”) were interested in more state framework to help people. “New Liberals” were interested in the writings of Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree, and wanted to help the poor, having realised that it wasn't their fault. Local authorities had been taking further steps to improving living conditions, showing what could be done locally. 1906: FREE SCHOOL MEALS – local councils given the right to provide free school meals to the poorest families. 1907: SCHOOL MEDICAL INSCRIPTION – free medical checks and recommended treatment (which wasn't free till 1912) 1908: THE CHILDREN'S ACT – children became protected persons which meant cruelty to them was prosecutable, homes had to be registered

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