Latin America Culture

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Popular Culture in the Twentieth-Century Latin America 10/28/11 Visual Practices In our worlds history, many nations and great empires have used various types of art as visual representation to construct and build national identity and nation state formation. In understanding the significance that muralism, poster art, comics, lucha libre and some films had on the nation-state formation, I feel that one needs to understand the concept of the identity of a nation-state. It is a political entity on a territory and derives its legitimacy from successfully serving all its citizens. Which means that most of the citizens or subjects are unites by factors which define a nation, such as a language or common decent. The nation-state means that the state and the nation coincide. The short story ‘O espelho’ (The Mirror) by Machado de Assis, depicts the problem of how the “I” becomes “we”, or “us”. ( Rowe, William, and Vivian Schelling. Memory and modernity: popular culture in Latin America. New York: Verso, 1991.) Oscar Landi believed that all politics depend on principles of individualization and for the people to have there own identity. Ibid., p163. What I believe this means is that most of the influential people of the time period were the most intellectual. Whether it be an artist or an author. They were able to use forms of art or writing to unify the people. Such as the author Octavio Paz, who wrote El laberinto de la soledad ( The labyrinth of Solitude 1950). Which gave the Mexicans a definition or a guideline of what Mexican identity was. It was supposed to stand for all Mexicans. Ibid., 163. The Mexican people needed an identity and like all other nations needed to come together on common ground to form a nation. There were more then just books and short stories that were used as visual practices to construct a nation-state in early Latin America.

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