Zinn Chapter 4

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ZINN CHAPTER 4 1. What is the thesis of this chapter? Around 1776, certain important people in the English colonies made a discovery that would prove enormously useful for the next two hundred years. They found that by creating a nation, a symbol, a legal unity called the United States, they could take over land, profits, and political power from favorites of the British Empire. In the process, they could hold back a number of potential rebellions and create a consensus of popular support for the rule of a new, privileged leadership.When we look at the American Revolution this way, it was a work of genius, and the Founding Fathers deserve the awed tribute they have received over the centuries. They created the most effective system of national control devised in modern times, and showed future generations of leaders the advantages of combining paternalism with command. 2. According to Zinn, how did the creation of the United States benefit the upper class? They created a world where a few families owned most of the wealth. To strengthen ties & harness control of everything,..they strategically married into other wealthy powerful, families. They created laws to protect their wealth & power & appointed people to enforce the laws that would ensure they maintained their grasp on the control of everything & everyone. 3. Describe the disproportionate distribution of wealth in Boston, Philadelphia, and New York. Philadelphia and New York too, wealth was more and more concentrated. Court-recorded wills showed that by 1750 the wealthiest people in the cities were leaving 20,000 pounds (equivalent to about $5 million today). top 5 percent of Boston's taxpayers controlled 49% of the city's taxable assets. 4. Why were both Loyalists and leaders of the Revolution concerned about the lower classes in Philadelphia? Because the lower classes would
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