Jaundice occurs because the rapid breakdown of abnormal red blood cells leads to a build up of a waste product in the body called bilirubin.The build up of bilirubin often leads to the formation of small crystal ducts called gallstones. Most gallstones do not cause symptoms but occasionally they can block the bile duct which drains bile from the liver into the bowel. This can trigger jaundice. Leg ulcer A leg ulcer can be painful it’s an open sore that develops on the lower leg, usually close to the ankle. Leg ulcers often develop after a skin infection or injury, such as a cut or puncture wound.
The Immune system normally functions to protect against foreign invaders by sending out certain cells that attack and destroy the ailment affecting your body, like an infection or a cold. But with lupus the immune system becomes hyperactive that the immune system begins attacking the body itself. What happens is the immune system sends out what is called B cells to attack an infection, but in Lupus the B cells live longer then they should. These B cells produce an antibody,
Some of these symptoms occur as a result of the body detoxifying itself to fend off the mycotoxins. Other symptoms occur due to the presence of microbial volatile organic compounds, fumes that impact the central nervous system. The longer you breathe in black mold, the greater your risk. Possible Cancer Risk • The Environmental Protection Agency states that more research is needed before absolutely confirming a link between black mold and cancer, but also notes that evidence shows a possible link between mycotoxins and liver cancer. Given that mycotoxins may have carcinogenic properties, you should immediately remove yourself from any black mold environment and have the spores professionally removed.
Careful monitoring following overexertion during exercise, or after a crush injury/orthopedic injury is the most important thing that a caregiver or patient can do. One of the complications of compartment syndrome is kidney failure due to the cellular injury that can occur. This injury can release toxic amounts of myoglobin, this will cause the kidneys to be unable to excrete potassium. This excess of potassium can lead to cardiac failure (Altizer, 2004). This is why diagnosis and treatment is so important.
These features are brought about through chemical/inflammatory mediators released from damaged tissues. The main effects of these mediators are on the blood supply, causing vasodilation (redness and heat) and increased blood vessel permeability that allow plasma proteins and immunoglobulins to pass easily into the tissues. “Pressure or nerve endings from the interstitial fluid and the effect of some inflammatory mediators such as substance P and prostaglandins that cause pain” (Dobson, 1999). In our case inflammation of a toe might be acute or chronic. Acute inflammation is a rapid response to an injurious agent that serves to deliver mediators of host defense—leukocytes and plasma proteins—to the site of injury.
When stressed our immune system’s ability to fight off viral infections is reduced due to a decrease of white blood cells. This is known as immunosuppression, this occurs when the stress hormone corticosteroid is present from a stress response and lowers the number of lymphocytes such as B-cells and T-cells . Stress can have two types of effects, a direct effect or an indirect effect. The direct effect is when stress affects our health directly, for example, when stressed our digestive system is inhibited, after stress is gone, the digestive activity increases, this can lead to the occurrence of Ulcers in the stomach. Stress also increases the heart rate and can lead to the increase of blood pressure, thus Hypertension and can lead to Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).
Levy, Mandell & Schultz (2009) Autism spectrum is a neurological developmental disorder in the category of pervasive developmental disorder, and characterized by severe and pervasive impairment in reciprocal socialization, qualitative impairment in communication, and repetitive or unusual behaviors. Autism is a disorder that they will have for a lifetime. It interferes with the ability to understand what is seen, heard or touch, this can cause problems with a child behavior. The individuals living with this disorder requires special care and has special needs and medical conditions throughout
Some of the cancers that one can get from drinking too much alcohol for a long time are, mouth, esophagus, throat, liver, and breast cancers. People can get cirrhosis of the liver from drinking to much alcohol and can easily develop liver cancer. The liver becomes very inflamed , and can also cause alcoholic hepatitis, which can result in liver failure and death. Alcohol can also increase one’s risk of having a heart attack because it causes high blood pressure, hypertension. It also can weaken the muscles of the heart causing it to affect the functioning of other parts of the body like the lungs, liver, brain and almost all the other body systems.
(Weebly 6) The liver can be over worked by consuming a great amount of steroids, slowing the bile movement through the liver which can increase the chances of a tumor developing. (Alvin, Virginia, Silverstein 42) Anabolic steroids can be taken orally, applied as a gel or cream, and injected. (Woolston) When injecting steroids through a syringe the possibility of contracting a blood borne disease dramatically increases. The use of anabolic steroids can affect your life in so many ways. Steroids can be particularly dangerous for adolescents because of bodies are still developing and can cause adulthood before reaching puberty.
But if it persists for a prolonged duration, the continuous action of high concentration of Glucocorticoid on liver, muscle and adipose tissues, loses it adaptive value, adversely impacts the muscle and bone impairing the endocrine and immune function, degrading the body mass, individual fitness and causing reproductive failure resulting the long-term behavioural changes as supported by the Cort-fitness hypothesis (Munck et al. 1984, Bonier, 2009; Muehlenbein et al .2012; Norman M