King Leopold Ghosts

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king Leopold ghost King Leopold's Ghost A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa Adam Hochschild A MARINER BOOK Houghton Mifflin Company BOSTON NEW YORK FOR DAVID HUNTER (1916–2000) FIRST MARINER BOOKS EDITION 1999 Copyright © 1998 by Adam Hochschild All rights reserved For information about permission to reproduce selections from this book, write to Permissions, Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, New York 10003. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Hochschild, Adam. King Leopold's ghost : a story of greed, terror, and heroism in colonial Africa / Adam Hochschild. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-395-75924-0 ISBN-13: 978-0-618-00190-3 (pbk.) ISBN-10: 0-395-75924-2 ISBN-10: 0-618-00190-5 (pbk.) 1. Congo (Democratic Republic)—Politics and government —1885–1908. 2. Congo (Democratic Republic)—Politics and government. 3. Forced labor—Congo (Democratic Republic)— History—19th century. 4. Forced labor—Congo (Democratic Republic) —History—20th century. 5. Indigenous peoples—Congo (Democratic Republic)—History— 19th century. 6. Indigenous peoples—Congo (Democratic Republic)—History—20th century. 7. Congo (Democratic Republic)—Race relations—History—19th century. 8. Congo (Democratic Republic)—Race relations—History— 20th century. 9. Human rights movements—History— 19th century. 10. Human rights movements—History—20th century. I.Title. DT655.H63 1998 967.5 —dc21 98-16813 CIP Printed in the United States of America QUM 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 Book design by Melodie Wertelet Map by Barbara Jackson, Meridian Mapping, Oakland, California Photo credits appear on [>]. In somewhat different form, portions of chapters 9 and 19 appeared in The New Yorker, and portions of chapters 5 and 16 in The American Scholar. CONTENTS Introduction
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