Imperialism in Asia and Africa The imperialism in Asia and Africa that occurred in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s differed in reasons, scope, and impact on peoples and nations. Imperialism is when a mother country takes over a smaller nation or colony for political, social, and/or economic reasons. Imperialism has been a major force in shaping the modern world. The effects of Imperialism have been interpreted from a variety of viewpoints. This major Imperialism occurred during the late 19th Century and early 20th century.
In both cases, the slave trade worked to undermine the legitimacy of political institutions and sustain large gulfs between the interests of the ruling classes and those of the common people. Although the trans-Atlantic slave trade was a global system that involved several continents, the trade as a whole was controlled by European middlemen. As Walter Rodney wrote, "Only the European capitalist had such world-wide power, and they used Africans for their own purposes. " However, views differ as to the causes and consequences of the African slave trade in Europe. Eric Williams' economic reductionist argument presented in his 1944 Capitalism and Slavery supported the theory that the move toward African enslaved labour in the Americas was entirely a matter of economic expedience that helped catapult Western Europe to the forefront of a new global capitalist economy.
Between 1500-1800 C.E. Sub-Saharan Africa experienced changes and continuity as they began to go further with their foreign relations. Culturally, Africa began to form syncretic cults that had Christian teachings and African traditions. Slavery continued to be one of Africa's main way of showing economic wealth. Africa experienced growth and change in their political organization and the rise and fall of kingdoms and states Before the syncretic cults, Africa's old traditions and beliefs surrounded deities, idols, and multiple gods.
Europe quickly became the dominant region over the economic aspects of the Columbian Exchange, however their social influence in the Americas and Africa developed slower during the time period of 1492 to 1750. In the mid-fifteenth century, European interest in Africa expanded from goods to incorporate slaves. Europeans began to take over African civilizations and keep natives as their slaves. This was not a new practice to keep war captives as slaves. However the Europeans began to export these African slaves across the globe to established colonies in both North and South America for the first time.
Strategic factors played a changing role in Britain’s relationship with its African empire throughout the expansion period 1870-1902, the consolidation period 1902-1955 and the de-colonisation period 1955-1981. In some of these periods Strategy was right at the foreground of Britain’s rule in Africa and other times it was pushed to the back by other major factors. These include economic considerations, International relations, changing attitudes and nationalism. Many historians such as Martin Pugh saw that ‘the most obvious motive for British expansion was strategic’. Britain’s strategic motives in Africa centred on thwarting the growth of rival European powers as well as securing its interests in Africa.
African Perspectives on Colonialism Book Report Boahen’s piece on African Perspectives on Colonialism is a strong reflection of society’s current views and behaviors towards Africa and its history. Boahen emphasizes the impact of colonialism that has led to the “generation of a deep feeling of inferiority as well as the loss of human dignity among Africans.” He also stresses that the legacy of our colonial past has encouraged racial discrimination and constant humiliation and oppression of Africans. He examines the influence of the slave trade, the negative view of native religions in the cultural worldview of Christian missionaries, the economic value of colonial dominion of Africa for Europe, as well as details of the devastating impact of colonization on Africa. All of these topics are vital to the understanding of modern Africa; knowledge of how the continent became what it is today, through this information from the past. But what can we, as American citizens, take from what this collective information in this story is telling us?
Effects of the Colonialism in Nigeria Colonialism in Africa is one great cause for the death of cultures in Africa. Not only did it change traditions and political structures, but it was also the cause of the feudal area in Africa. In 1900 Lord Frederick Lugard established indirect rule in Nigeria. During the late part of the 19th century, most of Africa's continent came under political control of European powers. In Nigeria, things were no different and by 1905 the British had established rule over all of present-day Nigeria.
Name: James Allam Ejidio Course: African History CHANGES AND FACTORS THAT OCCURRED AFTER THE ARRIVAL OF EUROPEANS IN AFRICA Introduction From the 17th through the 20th centuries, Europeans powers scrambled to divide Africa among themselves in a monumentous colonial movement that left lasting impressions and far-reaching consequences for Africa and the international political stage. Five major impacts of colonialism in Africa were Combat against other African, long lasting racial oppression, widespread poverty, Underdevelopment and Distortion of the traditional organization of African life. Combat against other Africans Most Europeans
European Imperialism in Africa and Asia European nations followed to establish trade contacts in Africa and Asia. Their influence in the non-Western world increased gradually in the next three centuries. Beginning in 1870, European nations moved rapidly to extend their control over almost all of Africa and in most of Asia. The industrialized nations competed with each other for natural resources and raw materials such as copper, rubber, petroleum, and cotton after the Industrial Revolution spread within Europe. The industrial middle class, who had gained greater influence in the governments in Europe, encouraged imperialist ventures to seize control in Africa and Asia.
The decision of using Africans as slaves and the issues of trade on an international spectrum are extremely important when looking at the subject of slavery. The Middle Passage is an important link in the Slave Trade that marked the beginning of a new a new and often horrendous life for many African people. It reveals the story of the savage treatment of the so-called “savages” that were captured from Africa. The Middle Passage is the term used to describe the trip across the Atlantic made by captive Africans. The definition of “Middle Passage” has changed over time.