Locke and Montesquieu believed that limited government (government has limits and every person has rights) was best. Montesquieu thought that governments such as monarchies and despots caused conflict between the people and the government. Limiting the government’s power over the people would take away the chances of a monarchy or despotism forming, and the best way to do that would be to divide the government into three different branches. Dividing the government into three branches will make sure one branch is not becoming more powerful than another, eliminating the chances of it becoming ruled by a monarch or despot. Locke believed that the government should never even be given such a great amount of power.
So the tug-of-war between the president and Congress is a special part (271). The framers had never envisioned that the presidency of the United States of America would become such a democratic office. They were afraid of tyranny and the pressure of the public opinion and made the Electoral College in a way that its members would be chosen in a manner decided by the state legislatures (270). They realized that the instead of letting the people elect the members, the state legislatures would elect the members by themselves. The electors from the states would than elect the country’s president from the leading citizens.
However the other two will check the one wanting to exceed thus, balancing out the power and securing citizens from a dictatorship type of government. Another reason would simply be when he states, “If men were angles, no government would be necessary.” In other words since we are not angles but are men if we had power in our hands we would abuse it. Then he continues that even though the powers are shared and are equal the government should still be able to control not only the people but, themselves. This will only help protect the people’s individual rights including the minority. In the end he says that in order to have a balanced government the majority must agree on justice.
This is criticised because the current political party in power have the ability to make their own decisions for the UK before listening to what the people want. This then becomes a problem because they may make changes that the majority of the population will not agree with. However, near to the next election they may decide to listen to people as they want them to vote for them (the current political party in power) during the next election. Secondly, the UK has a hereditary monarchy and a house of lords, both which are not elected. This contradicts a democratic society and is seen as a dictatorship because elections are the cornerstone of a democracy.
All of these questions needed to be answered and the only logical way to resolve these issues was through government. The execution of government and such laws was in the best interest of the commonwealth for the public good. This is the main connection between property and the need for public government because without government who would preserve and protect these interest. Locke recognized the danger of leaving absolute power to any one individual, or group of individuals. Locke thought that the government’s power was best limited by dividing it up into branches, with each branch having only as much power as is needed for its proper function.
I personally say that strength is not given but earned by what you do to get others to approve your intensions. In other words, strengths and weakness depends on a personal capacity to influence the conduct of those in government. Power seems to be based on how influential or persuasive one can be. However, I also think that no matter how much the President tries to get what he wants during his term, the President will never be the most powerful man in the country. He is always sharing his power due to the checks and balances system.
A political model that that fits the book’s political beliefs would be majoritarianism. Majoritarians believe that decisions should be made by a numerical majority of its members, in other words, decisions in the US should be made by the whole country, not the few in Congress and the House that decide what laws are passed and who are influenced by monetary bonuses from outside sources. This would be the most efficient way to handle our politics, that way everyone has a say, instead of the rich doing what’s right for the rich and leaving the middle and lower social class struggling. The pluralist model does not relate to the book at all. Pluralists believe that that politics and decision making is located within the government and outside sources have no influence on the government, which is a lie since interest groups an election fundraising exists.
There were plenty of arguments over what to add or take out so some delegates came up with the idea to abandon the Articles of Confederation and establish a new constitution. I was completely for this new constitution because it would secure our government and people. Many others were against this new idea because it was not fair to the people and could cause a monarchy. Although this is true, the people have more of a say in this new government because they vote to choose our representatives and they can vote to change the representatives or
A). The idea of the small confederacies, though they were not the most efficient ways of governing, seemed safer to many as less likely to abuse power. Others like George Clinton worried that a new, centralized form of government would not be possible to manage or maintain given the large territory of the U.S. and the vastly different interests and politics in the different states, that the country would end up divided. (Doc. D) Another point of opposition to the Constitution was that it lacked a bill of rights.
Issue paper Marlene A-Schultz Congress With the creation of the constitution came the creation of our government; it was created by men how feared and distrusted a government that had too much power. They set out to create a government that was fair and controlled by the people. They wanted to create a government where the people were represented and had a say in the laws; they sought to move away from dictatorships and monarchies. To do this they separated the powers into three branches: the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judicial. The first article in the constitution is dedicated to the role and powers of the legislative branch or congress.