Introductory awareness of autistic spectrum conditions 1.1 Describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others. The different types of Autism in the autistic spectrum are: * social interactions (ie people with autism would often find it difficult to understand others' mental states and emotions, and respond accordingly) * verbal and non-verbal communication The sort of problems that adults with Autism may have include one or more of the following: * Not being able to express themselves well. * Not being able to understand gestures, facial expressions, or tone of voice. * Saying odd things. For example, repeating your words back to you, time and time again.
Unit 4222-258 Introductory awareness of sensory loss (SSMU 2.1) Learning Outcome 1 2) identify steps that can be taken to overcome factors that have a negative impact on the individuals with sensory loss Sensory loss can have a negative impact on communication, information, layout, routines and mobility for the individual. Support workers must ensure that the people they support have regular access to sight and hearing tests, as a cataract operation, if needed, could restore some sight and hearing aids if required can help overcome hearing problems. Both of these steps could help negate the isolating effect of sensory loss. When communicating with someone who has sight loss, you should: * always say who you are * always say what you are going to do and be specific * always talk directly to the person and use their name * always stand in a place where you can be seen, if necessary, touch for attention * always take the time to answer questions * always tell the person you are leaving them, do not just walk away. In my place of work we have a service user with learning difficulties and some sight loss, who can react badly to unannounced actions by support workers.
If an individual has suffered from a stroke they may have restricted mobility in the affected side of their body, they may be unable to stand or to balance and may have difficulty moving their arm/hand to carry out day to day tasks. Outcome 1 Question 3 If an individual is unable to carry out tasks due to a lack of mobility they may as a result suffer from low self-esteem and feel frustrated with their self for not being able to carry out a particular task. They may be unable to do things when they wish and may have to wait for support or help from a family member or carer. Outcome 1 Question 4 Being able to maintain mobility will have a positive effect on an individual’s wellbeing and well as possibly help improve their physical condition. Maintaining and improving mobility helps the body keep healthy.
WINTERBOURNE VIEW The review found that there was a systemic failure to protect people or to investigate allegations of abuse. The provider had failed in its duty to notify the C.Q.C(Quality Care Commission) of serious incidents involving injuries to patients, or occasions when they had gone missing. Inspectors said that staff did not appear to understand the needs of the people in their care, adults with learning disabilities , complex needs and challenging behaviour. Staff who had no background in care services had been recruited, references were not always checked and staff were not trained or supervised properly. Some staff were too ready to use methods of restraint without considering alternatives.
Also it may be possible that the information didn’t decay but displaced by the numbers that were being used to count down. We cannot be sure on Peterson & Peterson’s study as it does not give us clear evidence for decay and shows elements for supporting displacement theory. The second theory is displacement which explains that we forget because of a new set of information that physically overwrites the older set of information. This happens because the STM is limited
Outcome 1 Understand the factors that impact on an individual with sensory loss (1, 2, 3) There are five senses these are; Sight, Hearing, Touch, Taste and Smell. Sensory loss is seen as a reduced ability to respond to stimuli that affect our senses, For example vision loss might mean that we cannot see a person across the street waving at us, hearing loss might result in us struggling to hear people speaking in a certain tone of voice. The impact of these losses can lead to social isolation, trauma, loneliness and feelings of depression or anxiety. There are many ways that someone could develop a sensory loss, the reasons are varied from being born with a condition (congenital) where the person maybe deaf or blind to having an accident/receiving a brain injury and losing their sense of smell, this we call Anosmia (the lack of or the inability to smell). Disease or illness also has an impact on sensory loss, a person who had previously been able to hear music, speech etc could become profoundly deaf as a result of infection which could be permanent or temporary.
When the neurons get damaged and no longer function efficiently the resulting limitations differ, depending on which side of the brain is damaged. The right side of the brain will cause problems understanding things, and recognizing people and things. Damage in the left side of the brain has been seen to cause by depression, and problems with speech. 1.4 How other factors can cause changes in an individual’s condition that may not be attributable to dementia A variety of
Either they have no insurance or have no financial capability to follow up with health maintenance and treatment regimen. Some may have cognitive deficiency or addiction problem and cannot articulate the need for psychiatric attention. Socially vulnerable individuals are those members of a group or population that are undervalue and underserved, such as the homeless and drug addicts. (Gwyn & Colin, 2010). The purpose of this paper is to discuss vulnerable populations in current events from a recent newspaper article.
Poor communication between the service user and carer is a factor, he or she may be unable to express their concerns or opinions. If an individual is not mobile or bed bound, they are frail and powerless to defend themselves. Someone who suffers with dementia and is aggressive may be susceptible to abuse as care staff may not know how to deal with this and become frustrated and lash out. Question 2a (Weighting:
The factors may include an individual that may be having a mental disability or even suffering dementia or even not having any mental capacity. If an individual is isolated or secluded they are also vulnerable. Another factor could be for the abuser this could be due to lack of appropriate training and abusing their power of that person. Personal issues can also play a big part this could include the abuser being stressed or having to deal with history of abuse in their past. There is a lot of factors to make someone more susceptible to abuse this could include low self-esteem being abused before and nobody to protect