These methods of communication can be useful for building vocabularies of individuals with limited speech. Other individuals may have a vast vocabulary, but due to rigid sets of interests may only use repetitive speech which means their communication can be out of context, making conversations difficult. 2. - Problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships Due to the social difficulties linked with autism, individuals often find social interaction and the building of relationships very difficult. Individuals with autism often have difficulties reading non-verbal forms of communication, such as body language, and find it hard to relate to other people’s feelings and emotions, which can effect their responses to a social situation as they will appear out of context or inappropriate.
2 Triad of impairments is the term that describes the difficulties that people with autism experience in differing degrees. Because all people are different, the way autism effects them is also different. 3 Autistic individuals may have symptoms that are independent of the diagnosis, but that can affect individual and the family. Up to 10% of individuals with ASD shows unusual abilities, ranging from memorization of trivia to the extraordinary rare talents of prodigious autistic savants. Many individual with ASD shows superior skills in perception and attention , relative to the general population.
These include sensory difficulties, problems with social interaction, communication difficulties and a lack of flexibility and imagination. Children with Asperger’s also to tend to have obsessions or special interests. One classic indicator of A.S. is difficulties with social relationships, the child may try hard to socialise but become angry, upset or frustrated as they may be unaware of the social rules of play. This makes it difficult for the child to build friendships with their peers leading to anxiety and poor self-esteem. The child may have difficulties making and maintaining eye contact and with being touched by others unexpectedly.
1.1 describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others The communication difficulties of autism vary from individual to individual. Some individual maybe unable to communicate verbally whilst others have an extreme vocab and are able to discuss un-depth areas of interest to them, some are able to communicate their needs and are able to express themselves whilst others need more visual methods such as pec’s or makaton. Expression of their needs can be very frustrating and they can only communicate this by shouting or screaming/challenging behaviours including self-harm. Individuals with ASD sometimes find it difficult or are unable to understand
Unit 4222-220 Supporting individuals who are distressed Outcome 1 1. Older people are more vulnerable to many of the factors that are known to cause depression including: Being widowed or divorced , Being retired/unemployed, Physical disability or illness, Loneliness and isolation. In addition, older people may develop depression because of: Neurobiological changes associated with ageing, Prescribed medication for other conditions, Genetic susceptibility which increases with age. 2. Cognitive Symptoms Memory problems, inability to concentrate, Poor judgement, Seeing only the negative, Anxious or racing thoughts, Constant worrying Emotional Symptoms Moodiness, Irritability or short temper Agitation, inability to relax ,Feeling overwhelmed, Sense of loneliness and isolation, Depression or general unhappiness .
Some of the symptoms of distress are mumbled/garbled speech or stammering, anxiety, anger, aggressive body language and concentrating problems. These are barriers that impact on effective communication, leading to misunderstanding on both sides. If you are the person in distress, you cannot hear or able to understand the whole picture because of the vicious cycle mentioned above. Individuals who are distressed will not be able to concentrate properly or focus fully, therefore their communication skills will be negatively affected. Whenever an individual becomes distressed they may experience the sense of "self" being compromised, as in low self esteem, effective communication may suffer as an individual feels withdrawn or stressed.
Someone who may have been very quiet can become loud and noisy. Temporal lobe - this is a part of the brain that controls language, emotion and memory. People may be unable to remember or recognise the words or sounds, may have difficulty joining in a conversation. People may become very angry or sad for no obvious reason. Pariental lobe - this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, special awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.Any damage to this area means that people may begin to lose the skills they once had.
Describe the potential effects of discrimination The potential effects of discrimination can be different for different people. The effects can be physical, emotional or a combination of both. For example children with disabilities may not be given a chance to join in with activities due to others thinking that their disability prevents them from being able to do so. This will make the child feel very different from others. I have listed other possible effects below * Long term effects may be: * Loss of motivation * Restricted opportunities * Limited access to services * Long term depression * Increased behavior problems * Difficulty communicating * Lack of education * Lack of achievement The effects listed above are not only ones that affect the individual; they are effects that can be experienced by the individual’s family and friends too.
This type of behaviour takes more time to resolve and manage. For example this could be an adult demonstrating behaviour that a young child would display as a result of their condition/.disorder. The way behaviour is viewed by many individuals in today’s society is very different, for some it may be challenging and for some it may not. Behaviour can then be considered as challenging behaviour if it is behaviour the career or other onlookers consider as challenging. It is all dependent on what the person feels and what they can and can’t cope with.
Also,even if the other person replies verbaly his or her body language may show that they have not really understood or agreed because body language is instinktive. 3.1 -Sensory deprivation-when someone cannot receive or pass on information because they have a impairment to one or more of their senses. -Foreign language-when someone speaks a different language or uses sign language. -Jargon-when a service provider uses technical language the service user may not understand. -Slang-when a service user uses language that not everyone uses.