Stalin greatly feared older members of the party too as they knew the truth of Stalin’s rise to power and what Lenin’s testament contained which would have ruined Stalin’s career. Under Yagoda’s influence of suggesting communists questioned Stalin, his paranoia further developed and caused the emergence of the great terror. Undoubtedly Stalin felt he had to perform the mass purges because of his paranoia that he would be removed from power. As Stalin was in control this must be the main cause of the great terror as his desire to remain in power was the drive for allowing the great terror to happen. The Congress of victors was a short term cause of the great terror and only added to the main cause of Stalin’s paranoia.
When Julia and Winston were having their affair, they find out that the “[telescreen] was behind the picture, … [the] picture had fallen [onto the] floor,” exposing “the telescreen behind it” (Orwell 221-222). Big Brother does not allow Winston and Julia to have freedom and to be in love, so they have to do it in secret. However, it wasn't really in secret because the telescreen was behind a picture. Thus leading to the imprisonment of Winston and Julia, taking away their freedoms. Big Brother takes away society’s rights, through their advanced and harmful technology, to ensure their control.
Both the text 1984 and the film V for Vendetta are satires that criticize humanity, society, and individual thought. Orwell and Brothers both make an effort to criticize each of their government’s practice of manipulation. For example, “Ignorance is Strength” sheds light on the oxymoronic messages the government expresses that manipulate their people. It shows that the government wants people to be ignorant and not to second think their actions or what is being fed to their minds, particularly. Thereby, it makes the government superior and in control of what people know about itself, its affairs, and even what they know about themselves.
There is no tolerance for romance or voluntary relationships allowed; it is a criminal act. “She had two names for it [making love]. One was ‘Making a baby’ and the other was ‘Our duty to the Party’” (70). The Party creates a very cold society without any desire for love. The protagonist, Winston’s ex-wife is brainwashed by The Party as she is completely loyal to them.
It is believed that the development of girls and boys only emerges when the child enters the phallic stage; this is where the focus of its libido moves to the genitals. This is where the boys enter the Oedipus complex and start to have sexual desires for their mother. They see their father as standing in the way of these desires and thus creates a hate/ death wish for the father, however at the same time realises that the father is more powerful than he is and starts to fear that if his desires for his mother are found out by his father that he will castrate him, causing castration anxiety. The way the boy handles with this conflict is by identifying and associating with his father to try and become more like him. The boy then starts copying his father, picking up his traits; these newly acquired traits form the boy’s superego and in taking on his father as himself the boy automatically takes on the male gender identity.
Sometimes, sexual liaisons expose them to a blackmail, eventually landing them in jail such as the French ambassador Maurice Dejean who had extramarital affairs. Sometimes, spies turn on their own country out of hatred for despotic regime. In Hitler’s Germany, some felt that a true patriot should oppose his dictatorship. In the Soviet Union the realization that a Communism was rotten to the core drove men like Oleg Gordievsky and Dmitrij Mitrokhin to undermine the government they served. But perhaps the most powerful motivation has always been ideology a conviction that can overwhelm patriotism, class and family ties.
Furthermore, Ántonia gives added demonstrations to the destruction of sexuality with her illegitimate pregnancy. This produces a more haggard Ántonia than any work in the fields ever could. Everywhere he looks, Jim’s aversion to sex is strengthened with examples of its power to corrupt. Ántonia’s father is destroyed and burned into Jim’s memory as a direct result of giving in to a sexual act,
And the Marquise from ‘The Bloody Chamber’ is raped by the Marquis, showing the full extent of patriarchal male dominance. It is the latter three stories that I will focus on in this essay. Perhaps Carter suggests that with loss of virginity, one becomes powerful and assertive. What makes the heroine appear so powerless to the Marquis and perhaps to herself is her virginity. Being a virgin, the heroine has not yet learned to utilize her sexual power and is submissive to the Marquis, relying on his experience as a non-virgin and a man.
She transforms into whole other person when she’s committing rebellious acts. She essentially cheats on Big Brother by going out with men, trashing the Party and abandoning all society’s expectations. Julia escapes the control of the Party during her escalades and every sexual encounter done right is a “political act”. Julia reveals about herself that she has committed sexual
Frankenstein feared the power of the female and her capabilities. He feared the female domination, so, in turn, he viciously destroyed her to prevent any of it from happening. The idea of having a female was too petrifying for Victor, so the easiest way to resolve his fear was to completely eliminate their role and power. Mary Shelley shows that a male dominated world will create chaos and will most definitely