Determinate sentences involve sentences that have a fixed or flat time (Jirard, 2009). Determinate sentences play a large part in the increasing number of individuals in prison, which, as you can imagine, puts more strain on prisons financially. In the past two decades, we have become increasingly “tough on crime” which has helped to decrease crime to a certain extent. According to an article in the New York Times (2008), the US has fewer than five percent of the entire world’s population, but almost twenty five percent of the world’s prisoners (Liptak & , 2008). The author of the article goes on to say that people in the US are sentenced to do time for crimes that would not produce such a sentence in other countries.
Interviews of retired employees to study the effects of capital punishment were taken and analysed qualitatively. Political and religious orientations, perceptions in racism were key variables to study the changes in time; Prison services were also closely studied. The main topic of this study was to see how capital punishment dehumanises both the prison inmates and staff. Well established theories provided an analysis that culture is a very strong factor in making people agree or disagree with the use of capital punishment, regardless of their own beliefs. Findings concluded that those who held pro-death penalty positions were raised in religious traditions that taught capital punishment consistent with the Bible, while those who were anti-death penalty were raised in such traditions which did not support this notion.
Running head: FAITH DIVERSITY Faith Diversity and Health Care Eliza Miller HLT-310V Grand Canyon University February 19, 2012 Faith Diversity and Health Care Often, when one thinks of the United States, we think of the freedoms that also come with citizenship, such as religious freedom. However, society over the years has allowed Americans to put others sense of values lower than their own. Society is free to practice their religion as their conscience deems fit, as long as it does not interfere with others and their well-being. Currently, in the market of health delivery there has been a growth on the influence that religion has had on services and health care systems. Today, the federal government has a
The only justiﬁcation for causing death is to prevent the deaths of others. Thus, individuals have the right to use deadly force to save their own lives from criminal aggressors, and countries have the right to wage war to prevent their own destruction. Likewise, a community can and should use capital punishment to protect the lives of its members. Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote: “The slaying of an evildoer is lawful inasmuch as it is directed to the welfare of the whole community.” When judiciously applied as a punishment for the willful killing of innocents, the death penalty serves to deter those who would murder and to protect society from those who have murdered. By reserving the ultimate penalty of death for those who wantonly kill, we are clearly proclaiming our special reverence for life.
“Private Prison Experiment: A Private Sector Solution to Prison Overcrowding.” North Carolina Law Review, 1998. “The United States Department of Justice has determined that in order to manage periodic maintenance as well as to provide special housing for protective custody, disciplinary cases, and emergency needs, a prison should maintain reserve capacity. In 1996, however, a report issued by the Department of Justice revealed that on average, state prisons were operating at 116 percent of capacity, and federal prisons were operating at 125 percent of capacity. As a result of prison overpopulation and declining funds for prison maintenance and rehabilitative programs, many prisoners are being placed in “understaffed, vermin-infested” facilities. In addition, overcrowding has also increased the instances of infectious and stress-related diseases within confinement facilities.” Duitsman, Peter.
Each inmate has a story and a past that equally goes along with that story, my job is to see past all that baggage and scar tissue and find the soar and try to help comfort them through all the pain. Before my own incarceration I liked down on those who lost their freedom due to their stupid acts, but when it became my turn I realized that sometimes we make those bad decisions out of emotions which can only lead to misguided judgment. Having the opportunity to share my story with the inmates has allowed them to see past me as being a stranger to them, if anything they see me as one of them, someone who relates to their loss and roller-coaster of emotions that are experienced daily while waiting on someone else to decide their fate and
Research Paper Final: “A Washington, DC-based think-tank that advocates for alternatives to prison, has found that after two decades of harsh criminal justice policies, there are more black men in jail or prison than in college. At the end of 2000, 791,600 black men were behind bars and 603,032 were enrolled in colleges or universities” ("Black men in jail"). This has become an ongoing problem in America. Black males tend to have a lack of education; when people think of blacks, they usually have negative thoughts about them, which includes performance rates in the classroom, crime rates, the lack of family involvement, and the negative media. “Today's "black" problem is underdevelopment, not discrimination.
What is done is to “instill habits of work in people, help build their skills' then they will be rehabilitated. The third one, which believes that true rehabilitation takes place when such person is allowed back into the community and is a combination of both retributive and rehabilitative theories, seeks to: “1) deter future and past criminals from doing a crime because the threat of incarceration looms 2) incapacitate the offender to stop the individual from possibly endangering others 3) punish the criminal by serving time and living a restricted lifestyle and 4) rehabilitate them for release into society (Fuller , 125-27). By the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the probation success rate is 62%. Most probation programs are designed to (1) protect the community by assisting judges in sentencing and supervising offenders, (2) carry out sanctions imposed by the court, (3)
However, the implementation of; Prison improvement program has made it possible for prison to preserve the basic human rights of inmates. A prison is a place that holds people who have been convicted, or found guilty, of serious crimes, although there are a number of reasons why we use imprisonment. Customary we use prison to deter those who commit crime, and also to serve as a punishment for those who commit crime. Nonetheless we also use prison to reform people in order to get them ready for reintroduction of society. The most important thing that we use prison for is to keep people in our society safe, and to offer protection.
Denial of Human Rights: Right and Wrong Every human being is born with the right to live and stand up for what they believe in. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights allows people to stand up for what they believe in no matter the repercussion. It is the denial of the human rights for people to allow others to get hurt and become bystanders. Characters in well-known works who exemplify what it means to stand up for a cause no matter the repercussions are Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in “A Letter from a Birmingham Jail”, Victor Jara in “Estadio Chile”, and Tim Robbin’s speech “A Chill Wind is Blowing in this Nation”. On the other hand, bystanders in distinguished works that exemplify silence and un-humanlike characteristics are townspeople in “38 People who saw Murder”, Michela in the novel “In the Company of Angels, and Seamus Heaney in the poem “Punishment”.