Hypocoristics In English

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Wordie Mechanicus Hypocoristics in English Hypocoristics in English by Wordie Mechanicus for Dr Krayman to meet requirements for Morphology 0 Introduction Hypocoristics are names based on full forms already present in the grammar. The surface forms of the full names serve as the bases of hypocoristic forms. The hypocoristic forms are more sensitive to well-formedness constraints than other words. The minimal word, dependence on prosody, and the markedness of segments can be distinguished from these truncated names. Using the framework of Optimality Theory, the common hypocoristics of English can be analyzed, and English’s well-formedness constraints revealed. 1 English patterns of hypocoristics This section outlines common patterns for hypocoristics in English. Though these forms differ in syllable number, observations regarding the well-formedness of hypocoristics and English words in general can be made from these data. 1.1 Monosyllabicity of English Hypocoristics English employs several patterns of hypocoristics, with the simple truncation as the most common form. Not all linguists consider these names truly distinct from the page 1 Wordie Mechanicus Hypocoristics in English full base. Wiese (2001) excludes clippings from his examination of German hypocoristics. He claims that they should not be considered because they are not distinct forms. While some of the unaugmented truncations in English appear to be simple clippings, others forms in this pattern reveal that prosodic and markedness considerations play a role in their formation. This seemingly straightforward type of word formation reveals several well-formedness requirements for English words. Unlike the bisyllabic form of hypocoristics in German (Wiese, 2001) and Czech (Bethin, 2003), English can accept monosyllabic forms, as shown in the following table (1) Truncation

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