This can affect planning as practitioners may have to think and plan activities for children where there is a possibility that positive and negative reinforcements can be put into action in the setting, for example; praising the child when they have achieved and giving children time outs think about what they have done ‘Skinner divided the consequences of actions into three groups; Positive reinforcers, negative reinforcers and punishments’ (Tassoni, P, et al, 2007: 84). Albert Bandura’s social learning theory states that he believed children’s; parents, family, friends and teachers should be powerful role models and figures for children to imitate, for example; behaving in a way that promotes acceptable behaviour in the setting. This can affect the planning and provision of learning opportunities for children in a setting as practitioners will have to plan activities and experiences for children that will enable them and will encourage them to socialise and communicate with other children and staff ‘In social learning theory Albert Bandura (1977) states behaviour is learned from the environment through the process of observational
Considering the work of key pioneers and current experts with links to child development theory. There are many theories about how children learn and develop. This area of study is called developmental psychology which covers subjects such as cognitive, language and emotional development. The research methods are based heavily on the on going assessments carried out by observing children over a period of time. Assessment is part of the process of understanding what children know, understand and can do so that future teaching steps can be appropriately planned.
1.1 Different reasons why people communicate. When in early years setting, people communicate for a range of purposes, such as, to give/receive information or instructions, to discuss an issue, to express needs/opinions and to develop their own learning. When those, who provide care for children and young people, communicate, their practice becomes better adapted and communication is vital to work together as a team. According to K.Beith et al “as an early years practitioner, the way you communicate with adults will also affect the quality of care provided for the children” and it is important to communicate effectively to ensure that everyone has clear information and can understand your actions. (Beith.K et al,Pg.2, Level 2 certificate for the Children and young people’s workforce, 2010, Heinemann, Harlow) When I work with children I communicate with children and young people to build relationships, verbal or non-verbal communication may be used to help children and young people feel welcome and valued, and to co-ordinate activities.
Within pracitce Effective practitioners have a duty to value each child's indivudial needs and likes.children have to experience something before they get a true understanding of what it is like. Example. For the setting to be effective, practitioners must challenge and support children's philosophies of their doings, practitioners muct get involved in the childs thinking process. The practitioner can then be attentive of what the child shows an interest in andhave knowledge of whast the child understands. This can support the children's thinking and extend their learning.
Name_Jenna Swarmer___ Period 3 Chapter 1 Notes Section 1.1 1. What are the benefits of studying children? - learn why children feel, think, and act the way they do. - discover caregivers’ importance - enjoy children more - learn about career opportunities 2. Define typical behavior.
Unit 7 E1 Collate evidence which describes the role of the practitioner in meeting children’s learning needs. Gather and present information about the role of the practitioner when children’s learning needs. A practitioners role in meeting children’s learning needs are to understand and work with all children to meet each individuals learning needs. One way practitioners can do this is providing different opportunities for individual children who is unique and may learn differently to others around them. Part of The practitioner’s role would e to plan and use resources for the environment to help ring challenges to children to help them with different areas of their learning development.
These goals are important as they form the building blocks for children’s later education and they make available the basis for planning and learning throughout the EYFS. The aim is that each child can meet the goals by the end of their reception year. However, some children would have exceeded the goals whilst others may still be working towards the goals by the end of the EYFS. The seven arears of learning and development mentioned above are: Communication and language- This is about the child listening and attention, understanding, and speaking. Physical development- How children gain control of their bodies, use equipment’s successfully and how they learn to use equipment.
By basing knowledge on how children develop and learn, it can help make more developmentally appropriate activities. The children would learn more, and you would be more successful as a teacher. *Appreciate and support the bond between the child and family. If you appreciate the bond between the child and family, teaching in the classroom
• Help the pupils to develop skills in accessing information. • Listen to the pupils and take on board their points of view. • Get specialist advice and support. 7-Provide examplesof how you would encourage a pupil with behavioural,social and emotional difficulties to participate in the full range of activities and experiences in school,e.g.encouraging the pupil to participate effectively in learning activities;encouraging the pupil to behave in more acceptable ways by using appropriate rewards and sanctions;improving school attendance;helping the pupil to develop a positive self-image and self-esteem;providing opportunities for the pupil to express their feelings more appropriately such as discussion,storytime and play activities. 7-Providing support for pupils with behavioural ,social and emotional difficulties is
Adjusting goals or learning strategies depending on progress -Adjust goals in order to keep progressing or completing task evaluating the final knowledge gained from the learning activity - In order to see how well the activity worked you need to evaluate it 4. What does the author tell us about Promoting Metacognitive and Strategic Development? (List and describe all 5 strategies to earn 4 grade points) Author tells us about promoting metacognitive and strategic development by Engage children in discussions about the mind -by engaging children in discussions about the mind it gives them a chance to build on it earlier in order to develop it for use throughout their life. Model and teach effective cognitive strategies -By modeling and teaching effective cognitive strategies it gives children a template on how use and understand cognitive strategies Expect and encourage increasingly independent learning over time -By encouraging indecent learning it gives a chance to rely on themselves instead of others to learn and complete