Hrm Work Motivation Essay

1850 WordsMar 9, 20158 Pages
“ The one best way to increase work motivation for an organization is through financial rewards.” Discuss. Motivation has defined by various people in different ways. Some of them are: Baron (1991) defines motivation as, ‘the internal process that activate, guide, and maintain behaviour (especially goal-directed behaviour)’. Robertson and Smith (1985) says that, ‘motivation is a psychological concept related to the strength and direction of human behaviour’. [Reference: The motivation handbook. Hollyfrode, S., & Whiddett, S. (2002), JohnMarshall Reeve – Understanding the motivation.) Motivation can even be said as processes that give behaviour its energy and directions. Here energy is stands for strength of working relatively hard and determined regarding work. Whereas direction is that there should be a purpose behind the work i.e. it should be aimed at achieving goal. This is also stated in the following definition of work motivation, ‘A set of energetic forces that originates both within as well as beyond an individual’s being, to initiate work-related behaviour and to determine its form, direction, intensity and duration’ (Pinner 1998: 11) Motivations are of two types: Extrinsic motivation and Intrinsic motivation. • Extrinsic Motivation: “The motivation to perform a task derived from rewards that are not part of task itself (e.g. money, status, etc.) (Arnold et al, 2005: 620) In simple words extrinsic factors are the external factors that motivates the person to work and achieve goals by rewards, incentive, bonuses etc. • Intrinsic Motivation: “The motivation to perform a task for rewards that are part of the task itself (e.g. interest, challenge, etc.)” (Arnold et al, 2005: 620) Intrinsic motivation in simple words means motivation that is internal and included in the task to achieve its goals they are self-satisfaction, or

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