Martin Luther King was angered by the signs all over the streets that he lived near which said “Whites only”. He, along with Rosa parks led a boycott against Montgomery busses, which made African–Americans sit in the back and white people to sit in the front. This law was later abolished by the Supreme Court, since bus companies were losing a large amount of money. Martin Luther King also did lots of other things to stop racism. Louis Riel and his Métis followers felt threatened by Thomas Scott, an Irish Protestant who was against Métis and Roman Catholics being involved with the Government.
They were forced to leave their homeland and come to Haiti to work on plantations and factories. They worked without pay, were treated cruelly, and had no rights or privileges. These unequal conditions, along with other factors such as economy, influenced these classes to rise up and take a stand. France and Haiti differed when it came to the state of their economies and the influence it had on their revolutions. During this time France’s economy was in decline due to the heavy burden of taxes, bad weather causing crop failure, and rise of living costs.
Explain why there was a rebellion by the Kronstadt sailors in 1921 (8 marks) By 1921, the Soviet economy was in ruins, the transport system was on the point of collapse. Factories could not get materials they needed and most industrial enterprises had ceased production. Urban workers were angry about: - Food shortages- peasants were rebelling against the Bolsheviks so food couldn’t get across. Militarised factories- workers could be imprisoned or shot if production targets were not reached. The way the State had taken over unions: it seemed like just another way keep the workers under control.
In the South segregation was supported by the Jim Crow laws that made it legal. All public institutions in the South were separated according to skin colour, the ones for blacks being inferior in quality. In the north, where segregation wasn’t imposed by law, the blacks were forced to move into ghettos, because of discrimination by the whites. As well as that, there was also economic inequality. It was much harder for blacks to get a job, and there employment position could be described as ‘the last to be hired, the first to be fired’.
It evolved around 1933 and 1945. The Holocaust was a time of discrimination against Jews. They were taken away from their communities and humiliated in front of everyone, then they were sent to camps were they were made to work hard, have hardly any food and they were being treated as if they were not human beings. At the end of the Second World War, six million Jews had been killed and one and half million were children. But not just the Jews were involved in the Holocaust.
Women are forbidden to have a full citizenship, making them less important and countable in the area. In February of the year 1998, the rules and regulations of the Taliban became more severe and harsh. The religious police forced all women off of the streets, ordering people to blacken their windows, so women can’t be revealed to the public eye. Although women are traditionally placed as a secondary role in society, they still have many other roles to play in their families. The female’s main roles are motherhood, socialization and family nurturing.
Poor standards of living for blacks were another cause of Montgomery Bus Boycott. This inspired blacks to desegregate buses as facilities were segregated, blacks were seemed and treated inferior to whites. Harassment from the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was given to blacks. In 1870, in one county South Caroline alone was 6 murders and 300 whippings. KKK was hugely supported by whites and became the voice for poor uneducated whites who felt threatened in competing for housing and jobs.
That outlet was the free Blacks of the time whom the Irish found themselves competing for menial, low wage job against. In a good many cases signs would be posted or job ads would state “No Irish Need Apply” (Gone to America, 2000, pg.4, para.3). The Irish were in opposition to the Emancipation Proclamation, the freeing of the slaves would simply add to their problem they had competing with Blacks for jobs. The worst violence surrounding this time in Irish American and Black American history took place in July 1863 in New York city when riots broke out between the two groups. These riots were sever enough that Federal troops were called in to put a stop to the fighting but not before 18 free Blacks Americans died and $5 million worth of property was damaged.
Why did the 1905 Revolution fail? The 1905 Revolution was a major crisis for the government and came as a result of both long and short term causes. A month after Bloody Sunday, half a million workers went on strike in protest at the massacre, by the end of the year this had risen to 2.7 million. The strikes affected the railways, so food could not be delivered to the towns and cities., the peasants started revolting by stealing land from their landowners. Eventually national minorities engaged in widespread protests.
Defeat in the war emphasised the backwards nature of Russia and its lack of social, industrial and political progress when compared with that of Western Europe. Among the reforms introduced by Alexander II was the emancipation of the serf’s act, it proved to be a shallow gesture sparking discontent amongst both upper and lower classes. The vast majority of former serfs remained impoverished due to the payments they were expected to make in purchase of their land and were still subjected to a life of repression. Orlando Figes writes, “Long after serfdom had been abolished the land captains exercised their right to flog the peasants for petty crimes” (Figes O, 1996). Emancipation proved a bitter disappointment amongst the peasantry (Acton E, 1990 p 8), it did very little to improve their life’s and failed to provide any real social mobility.