In 1924, his attempts to gain power were even more serious. At this time Fascist party gained 66% of parliament votes. Matteoti who was anti-fascist politician was kidnapped and stabbed but the King still didn’t do anything and he kept Mussolini on his position which was another mistake which helped Mussolini in achieving his goal. Finally, in 1925 special court and secret police were established, all opposition parties and trade unions were banned. In December these acts were embodied in law and thus Mussolini fulfilled his goal and became ruler ( to be more precise dictator) of Italy.
WHAT FACTORS HELPED MUSSOLINI BECOME PRIME MINISTER IN 1922? This essay explains the different factors in which helped Mussolini achieve his political position as Prime Minister of Italy in 1922, ending with the march on Rome. By the end of 1921, Italian politics was in a permanent state of crisis. At that time there was little likelihood the Fascists would ever come into power but there seemed no prospect of political stability by any other political party. At the beginning of 1922, Italy was in a state of permanent political instability.
Influenced by the Russian Revolution of 1917, a series of strikes and revolts had broken out making Italy nothing but a ground for organised crime. The elected liberal government could not do anything but stand and watch as riot let loose leaving Benito Mussolini to take matters into his own hands in order to combat unrest, manipulating Italy’s Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti in the making, this being the beginning of Mussolini’s rise to power. One of Mussolini’s first moves, inspired by the red shirts, was to gather nationalist intellectuals, young land owners whom opposed peasants and former army officers to form a group known as the Paramilitary Blackshirts – Mussolini’s military tool in his political movement. This was the beginning of the growth of Fascism in Italy. The paramilitary Blackshirts were used by Mussolini to torture those who opposed the fascist movement, as Mussolini’s power grew, the Paramilitary Blackshirts methods became harsher and Fascism grew.
The fascists grew dramatically in the early twenties and brawled their ideological rivals and brethren. The government feared Mussolini’s rivals and underestimated the future dictator. Eventually, Mussolini legally assumed power through a coup that led to his dictatorship and fascist victory in Italy. Mussolini rejected socialism when he realized its shortcomings. Socialism rejected nationalism, but the masses embraced it.
Benito Mussolini’s domestic and foreign policies had a large impact on Italy in the period between 1922 and 1939. Mussolini’s domestic policies allowed the Fascist Party to come into power in Italy, however their hold on the country was never wholly secure. In addition to his domestic policies, Mussolini’s foreign policy drove Italy into Germany’s arms in the Pact of Steel, where Germany was the dominant power. In October of 1922, King Victor Emmanuel III was prompted by a conservative statesman to ask Mussolini to form a government. Mussolini’s Fascism was very popular in Italy because of the fact that it aspired to fulfill Italy’s national desires.
Benito Mussolini came to power in 1922 after many years of hardship and bad leadership within Italy after world war I. A combination of the weakness of the Liberals, who were in control at this time and the strength of the Fascist regime quickly catapulted Mussolini to great power. When Mussolini marched on Rome the Italian king failed to use military force to stop him, as a result of this the Liberals quit their position as the leading government and the Fascist stepped in. Once in parliament the liberals supported Mussolini , this in turn allowed Mussolini to manipulate laws and very quickly become a dictator of Italy. Once in control Mussolini had to act fast to try to gain and keep complete control of Italy.
Both Count Camillo Cavour of Italy and Prussian Prime Minister Otto Von Bismarck brought their respective nations to unify in their own respective ways. In 1852 Cavour, the Prime Minister on Piedmont, he looked onto other liberal Italian principalities. His greatest contribution was his establishment of diplomacy; the negotiations between states. Meanwhile Prime Minister Otto Von Bismarck had a different view on the unification on his country; he was against diplomacy and remained scornful towards liberals. “The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and majority decisions but by iron and blood” (Bismarck).
To what extent can the rise of Mussolini to power in 1922 be explained by his own talents and abilities? In 1919, Benito Mussolini led a loose organisation of mainly discontented ex-soldiers, known as the fasci di combattiment (the fascists), which was the true start of the domination of fascism but also the politician Mussolini, named by many as the ‘teddy bear of fascism’. However in the early days Mussolini struggled to hold any power in the government, having gained no seats in 1919 election. However the fate of Mussolini and his fascist party was not sealed in 1919, as eventually with the help of Mussolini’s leadership and events that occurred in the time resulted in Victor Emmanuel formally asking Mussolini to form a government with his fascism party on 30th October 1922. Historians have many different reasons why Mussolini came in to power in 1922; some believe that the events such as World War I and the problems with the Italian government caused a shift in the way Italians’ thought.
Why did the US promise Stalin that a second front would be open? The motives behind Operation Overlord are more because of political power play between the allied nations rather than opening a decisive military front. The most remarkable aspect of World War II was how America committed itself to the battles occurring in Europe and had not concentrated on Japan, the United States’ main aggressor. It was the Americans who were impatient to confront the German army on the continent while the British were haunted by the deepest misgivings about doing so. ““Why are we doing this?” cried Winston Churchill in a bitter moment of depression about Operation OVERLORD in February 1944, which caused him a spasm of enthusiasm for an alternative Allied landing in Portugal.
The Paris peace settlement was a key in both of the leaders foreign policies, as they both were weakened in the treaty of Versailles. Both of the leaders put forward a very radical fascist ideology that idealized national expansion and military strengths as the proof of national strength and prestige of the country. Differences in the two fascist leaders policies start to show in their aims and the planning of them. As Hitler was trying to make Germany the absolute dominant power in Europe, Mussolini's aims were more on the prestige, as he wanted to make Italy "Respected and feared". But the similarities were also great as they both were great opportunists and aggressive expansionists, they wanted to expand their countries to become the dominant powers in Central Europe (Germany) and the Mediterranean (Italy).