The economy was reliant on agriculture and during the 1780s there were disastrous harvests causing prices to rapidly increase in urban areas. It is evident that the effects were so extreme that by 1789 a labourer was spending 88% of his daily wage on bread. As a result of this, protests sparked up in the city amongst workers and the tensions and unrest amongst the Parisians was further exacerbated when the government made no attempts to introduce new reforms to deal with the economic crisis when the Estates-General met in May 1789. Another factor which worsened the situation was the presence of Louis’s troops stationed around Paris. The King’s strategy of military force was believed to be necessary due to the third estate rebelling and breaking away from the Estates-General in June 1789.
There was a massive loss of resources and income after the recline of land in France, leading to the powerful men of England to take arms in aid of their lords this lead to the battle of St Albans The weakness of royal power can be pin pointed to the king. Henry was never a fit king to rule a country such as England; he was not the man his father Henry V would ever be. And this caused a sense of unrest to the people of England. This can be reflected by his counterproductive peace policy with France, that lead to the loss of royal lands that his father had once gained. Henry was supported and manipulated by William de la Pole, Edmund Beaufort and his French wife, Margaret of Anjou.
This bad political move meant that York had grown in considerable force and had no choice but to fight the Lancastrians, otherwise he would go to prison or even be executed. The result of the First Battle of St Albans was devastating for the Lancastrians and gave an advantage to the Yorkists. Richard Duke of York’s two main rivals, the Duke of Somerset and the Earl of Northumberland, were both killed during the battle and Henry VI was captured by the Yorkists. The Lancastrians and Margaret had lost control of the Kingdom as Henry was now under Yorkist protection. This also meant that when Henry had his second breakdown later in 1455, Richard become Protector of the Realm until 1456 when Henry recovered.
One of the main reasons for this opposition was the economic and social hardships Russia was going through particularly in the months after the October revolution. Food shortages plagued Russia due to problems of distribution, problems of inflation and problems of production. The railway system in Russia had virtually collapsed. This meant that food supplies or any other necessary supplies couldn’t be distributed efficiently around Russia which caused massive food shortages. Food shortages were a key problem in Russia as it meant the people were starving and desperate.
Could all these things have come together to cause one of the greatest depression that America had felt? Many citizens revolted against their elected leaders and large discontent rose in America during this time period. New political factions rose in the era. Could this have been the birth of the progressive movement? The depression of the 1890’s ruined banks, farms, and many of the train leaders were declaring bankruptcy during this time period.
And after Napoleon, the monarchy was actually restored, although it was a constitutional monarchy and not the absolutist monarchy that France had known before the revolution. France only got worse because of the revolution. Also the in- and export transactions and political relations with other European countries stagnated because no other European court wanted anything to do with the violent French who had decapitated their monarchs and tens of thousands of other innocent victims. It took France years and years until the country was recovered from the revolution. The fact that they still celebrate the 14th of July shows the rest of the world that they haven't learned of their mistakes.
King John and the barons were together in their interests for their kingdom. It wasn’t until the continued failures of King John that there interests started to change. The barons were fed up with the higher and higher taxes on their people. Their continued loss of their people in failed wars. Fed up by the series of failures of the king finally led to the baron’s revolt and put the king’s power in check.
French Revolution In 1789 the common people rose up against the unfair economic situation put upon them by the French Aristocracy. The monarchy spent such great amounts of money it put the country plunging into a large amount of debt. King Louis XVI and his predecessors left the country in poor conditions such as droughts, disease with cattle and massive price increases in goods. The monarchy sought to recover the debt by taxing the common people till they eventually reached the point of starvation and poverty while the King continued to spend money at his own dispense. At the time the United States was hoping to use their alliance with France to gain an advantage over the British, but did not want to lose their much needed trade with the British.
One factor that added to the Tory party’s trouble was that in 1830 there was more outbreaks of social unrest. This was due to high bread prices following a poor harvest in 1829 and sudden slump in exports leading to unemployment in the Midlands and North of England. This was encouraged by thoughts back to the French revolutions and labourers destroyed machinery that was taking over their jobs. Wellington needed to take immediate and firm action, but the Tory government just was not strong enough to combat this
Corey Johnson Brian Rafuse HISTORY 2010 LX9 November 20, 2012 Causes of the American Revolution The American Revolution was a war between the thirteen colonies and Great Britain due to the unlawful taxes and policies that were enforced. Great Britain had been in a war with France in previous years and was losing money because of it; therefore, the country needed finances to rebuild the losses and to put the country back to its original position before the war. Because of these needs, Great Britain began to variously tax certain things that were used frequently throughout the country, such as: trading, tea, paper, etc. This upset many of the people in the country to the extent of wanting to separate and call themselves their own country. This idea, though pragmatic in my opinion, wasn’t as sensible to some people that wanted to stay a part of Great Britain and wanted to be loyal to the country, hence being called “Loyalists.” The people that were for the separation were known as Patriots, for they stood up for themselves and wanted to have a better democratic country, which is where they would truly represent the country rather than the Parliament dictating everything without consent.