In 1216 the Barons of England rebelled against King John, the Barons rebelled for a number of reasons, they include the trust between the King and the Barons, how John increased the taxes, the church and the rule breaking of the Magna Carta, some of the reasons were caused at the beginning of John’s reign, known as long term causes, and some of King John’s poor decisions triggered the rebellion, known as short term causes. One imperative reason that supports the fact why the Barons rebelled against King John was the fact that he did not ask their advice, a good King should always listen to the advice of the Barons. Instead he preferred to listen to the advice of foreign advisers such as Gerard d’ Athee. This annoyed the Barons and made them choose to not abide by the King. Consequently when he asked the Barons to provide an army to win back his land in France they refused.
As he was the king, he had thought that he had the power to make the Scots use English prayer books. The scots were so furious that they decided to fight Charles I instead. This also made him unpopular to the scots as well as the people of England. When the scots had defeated him Charles had to pay lots of tax money which he couldn’t afford. So, Charles had to recall parliament, as only tax voted by parliament got rid of the scots.
Additionally, suspicions had risen of radical parliamentarians and the people were reliant on Charles’ return to stop this. These reasons are the main factors for Charles’ support in 1646. Charles’ return to the throne would have meant an end to Parliament’s County Committees, which many felt were worse than living under Charles’ rule. A large portion of the population had suffered the brutal dominion of the County Committees, which only worsened as the war progressed and Parliament became more desperate to finance the war. Primarily made up of fiercely loyal Puritans, the County Committees were efficient in reaching the monthly quotas set by Parliament.
Essex’s humiliation also played a great part in causing the rebellion as he faced dismissals from court, house arrest and a slap from Queen Elizabeth I. By 1600 Essex was broke and no longer a favourite of the Queen, he had been humiliated greatly through military losses and loss of status and was constantly being outmanoeuvred by the Cecil faction who, in the Essex faction’s eyes was stealing their place in court. Factional reasons were the main cause of the Essex rebellion because there was a constant rivalry between the Essex faction and the Cecil faction. The Cecil faction only joined court in 1547(?) under Edward Seymour as Duke of Somerset whereas the Essex faction had been there for many more generations and this angered them greatly this is because the Cecil faction were seen to be new money, meaning that they had not come from a long line of wealth, unlike the Essex faction.
At the start of king Charles reign things were already looking odd for him because the things he chose to do where completely against parliaments plans. Parliament had to know what the king was doing before he did it but because he never told them what was happening. Parliament and Charles friendship was crumbling gradually. In 1625 Charles married Henrietta Maria, the fifteen year old daughter of Henri IV of France who was a catholic she had her own chapel and priest. Puritans and protestants started to put up posters against the church and the king in 1637 archbishop laud put the people making the posters in trial and those found guilty were severely punished .
Factors of the American Rebellion After the French and Indian War, the relationship between the colonists and the British Parliament began to deteriorate. Many factors influenced the idea of patriotism and these factors eventually resulted in a rebellion by the colonists in 1775. The most important factor that eventually led to this rebellion was the Parliament taxing the colonists. The colonists were enraged by the fact that they were being taxed without being represented in the Parliament and were also furious of the fact that the taxes that were being enforced were not just. The 2nd most important factor that led to this rebellion was that they were being restricted of civil liberties.
In the early 16th century the Catholic Church was the most powerful organization in the country. Henry VIII the Tudor King at the time, for political, economic, social and religious reasons wasn’t happy about this and between 1536 and 1541 managed to dissolve the monasteries in England. In this essay I will tell you the reasons why Henry closed down the Monasteries. One of the main reasons why Henry closed the Monasteries was he wanted their wealth. Henry was nearly bankrupt and needed money for his wars, food and expensive lifestyle.
And being a strong believer in the Divine Right of Kings, Charles didn’t realize the body's authority and offered absolutely no defense. A tribunal voted 68 to 67 against him and Charles I was beheaded on 30 January 1649 at the banqueting house in Whitehall. There were many reasons for Charles I’s beheading but I think a huge contributor to this event was the religious differences. He decided to marry a Catholic women, Henrietta Maria of France. They worried that the Princess might have had an influence on her husband and perhaps get him to change his religion to Catholic and because she was catholic and at the time England was protestant she also came from a family that believed in complete and utter monarchy.
Also, he needed an heir which Catherine of Aragon was not giving him. He had a daughter, Mary, but Henry was justifiably concerned about the political consequences of leaving a female heir. In the Tudor period, people believed it was unnatural for women to rule over men. Henry was also bankrupt as he had fought many expensive wars in Europe but his main problem was the church. He needed to control the English church as he resented an outsider being in control of such a big part in English life so he wanted control of the church in his own country.
One of the many colonies of the British during this time, America, a budding colony at the time, was on the verge of revolution. After a devastating war with the French, Britain started to tax all of its colonies on items of daily use, impose its military might on small, helpless colonists, and deprive the colonists of basic rights British citizens had. Because of Britain’s powerful navy and army, Britain persecuted the weak American colonists, treating them as if they were lower than the loyal subjects they were. Although Frankenstein’s creation had the strength much greater than a normal human, when the whole village began to drive him away, he had no choice but to run. He had not acted threateningly or made any dangerous movements; all he did was walk through the village, but the village “attacked [him], until, grievously bruised by stones and many other kinds of missile weapons” (94).