How Does Stevenson Explore Duality in Jekyll and Hyde

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How does Robert Louis Stevenson explore duality in human nature in Jekyll and Hyde? This essay is to explain how Robert Louis Stevenson explores the duality of human nature through the use of characters of interest other than Jekyll and Hyde, the structure of the book and Stevenson’s lasting moral message of Good vs. Evil. Other characters of interest in the book include Mr Utterson, whose rationality and values blind him from seeing the answer, even when he hears Hyde’s voice in the place of Jekyll. There is also Dr Lanyon, who is seen to be completely opposed to the science of Jekyll but loses his Victorian values to his curiosity when Jekyll reveals his secret. The contrast of “Henry Jekyll’s Full Statement of the Case” to the narrative of Mr Utterson in the other chapters of this book shows duality because Mr Utterson uses the other characters as a point of view whereas Jekyll’s statement of the case looks from only his perspective. Stevenson uses the lasting moral message that good and evil are conflicting inside people - the way that savagery and civilisation contrast and our effects on religion and science. Robert Louis Stevenson uses the character of Sir Danvers Carew to portray that civilisation and religion are important for good people whereas Mr Hyde shows evil through his curiosity of life and his height to represent youth, showing that Jekyll’s youthful sins; which were not explained in detail are replicated as Hyde. This is a comment on Victorian values that Stevenson is making. Stevenson also comments on how society is being changed by science – which in the novella overpowers religion, represented by the brutality of Sir Danvers Carew’s death. Duality is shown through the ways that good and evil are represented. The way that Hyde, during the Carew murder “Broke out in a great flame of anger” science (although seen to be developed) is savage, and

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