Lack of Belief: The people of the land are religious and live there lives according to what messengers and oracles tell them. For Oedipus religion is pushed aside and he believes more in himself. These factors lead the state and the household of Oedipus into contamination which will only be cleansed by the gods and fate. The king's household and family are greatly affected by the religion in that there lack of believe in the gods has caused devastation within there lives. Jocasta’s Beliefs: Jocasta does not want to believe that Oedipus is destined to kill his father and marry his mother.
The common masses were also unhappy with the Pope and church. They were not only unhappy with the prevailing corrupt practices in church and the flimsy grounds on which the church collected funds from innocent people but also disliked its interference in the secular affairs. Even the rulers were quite unhappy with the Pope and strongly protested against Papal interference in the affairs of their states. Perhaps the greatest religious leader the world has ever seen, Martin Luther is seen as the spark to the Protestant Reformation. Some viewed him as a heretic while others saw him as an advocate for religious freedom and truth.
Through the characterisation of the Reverend, his narrow mindedness can be seen when he says “lord, we ask the same curse for those who ask grace for this sinner”. Kramer is trying to show that even highly regarded religious figures can be blinded by faith and have double standards, which is evident when the Reverend disagrees with his daughter about differing opinions on religion. However, Kramer does not want to be seen as anti-religious “religion’s supposed to comfort
(Page 1) The essay starts off with an addressal of past accusations begining with those from the communists. They charge existentialism with the advocation of contemplation, a luxury that in their view only the rich may dabble in, and for that it cannot be a philosophy for all. The second attack by Mlle. Mercier (catholic church) dictates that existentialism is a morbid and depressing philosophy that idloizes the darker side of humanity and its actions, all without acknowledging the “good” it has to offer. (Page 2) Continues with communists stating once aware of himself man cannot interact with others.
Puritans and Pilgrims The Pilgrims derived from their leader and historian William Bradford. The puritans got their name because they wanted to purify the Church of England of all practices they considered "popish" i.e. Roman Catholic. They sought the removal of all images, veneration of the saints, sacramental practices, and the like. Their attempts failed and the Puritans soon became persecuted by the Church of England.
Puritans saw themselves as the true church and religious freedom was not tolerated in the colonies. Those who settled at Massachusetts Bay lived by Calvinist beliefs. They had a strong work ethic, which led to the development of market economy. One of the challenges faced came from Roger Williams, which taught principles contrary to the belief system of the Puritans. He taught that the church and state should be separate, but as eventually banished.
The battle between religion and the government is also shown here. Although the church and the government were not in unison, they were both fooling the poor people of El Salvador and making them think or act a certain way for their own benefit. The government forced them to do things and used violence if they did not cooperate or showed the least bit of rebellion. The church, although seen by the people as a good temple to run to during their mess of a time, also tricked them in to thinking certain things like giving up sacrifices for the priest, while they were the ones who were poor and needed those sacrifices. Manlio Argueta portrays the indecency of their live and their treatment by those with the authority above them.
In the novel, Jane confronts Mr. Brocklehurst; a stern, hard hearted man who is the headmaster of Lowood School. Mrs. Reed wishes to send Jane away, and brings Mr. Brocklehurst to Gateshead to meet Jane. He asks her about her views on Hell and the Bible when responds, “’That proves you to have a wicked heart; and you must pray to God to change it: to give you a new and clean one: to take away your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh’”(30). Here Mr. Brocklehurst’s extreme evangelical beliefs have caused him to conclude that Jane is a heartless human being that must be shown Christ to be saved. As a result, she is sent to Lowood where she is to be brought up in very humble and unhealthy conditions.
Voltaire on Religious Tolerance During the age of Enlightenment many people, especially those belonging to the middle class, began writing against the way society lived. Many people also wrote against the church and the way the church wanted to run things. Voltaire always spoke against the church but he also believed in religious tolerance because in the end he was raised with religious beliefs that could not be forgotten. Just like John Huss and Martin Luther, Voltaire received punishment for trying to unmask the church although what they spoke the truth. This is why I believe he started this piece talking about an Irish priest who wrote a pamphlet on religious tolerance.
Nevertheless, it would be erroneous to suggest that the ideas of Marx aren’t present in Blake’s literary work, as the anti- class ideas are highly prominent. Songs of experience shows how the human spirit withers after being suppressed and forced to conform to the rules and doctrines in society. Blake was an English dissenter and actively opposed to the doctrines of the Anglican church, which tells its members to suppress their feelings. Blake showed how he believed this was wrong through his songs in ‘the songs of experience’. Christian England approached the cruelness and injustice, which can be presented in the poems ‘London’, ‘The Chimney Sweep’ and ‘The Little Vagabond’.