Soul-building evils are meant to force human beings to live through adversity and in turn strengthen our characters (Sober, pg. 111). Another criticism that exists to this second premise is called defense, which attempts to explain how evil can exist logically, given the existence of God (an all-PKG God) (“The Problem of Evil”). However, defense does not presuppose the existence of God or the existence of evil. If God and evil can
(3) The world contains moral evil. Therefore: (4) It is not the case that God exists. In response to these arguments, the “free will defiance” holds that God chose to create humankind to be free, and that evil is the result of society’s abuse of that freedom. This defiance applies only to moral evil because society does not and cannot control natural evils. Natural evils, by definition, are those evils that occur as the result of natural processes.
Is Humanity Good or Evil? Humans in our world can make bad choices throughout their lives, this does not make them an evil person. I believe that no person on the face of the Earth is truly evil. Everyone in the world at least once in their lives do something that they are ashamed of because they know that it was the wrong thing to do, this is what makes us human, we all have flaws, we are not perfect. This is why I strongly believe that no person is truly evil.
Linda Gilbert THEO202_B10_201340 Short Essay #1 Short Essay on Hamartiology: The Problem of Evil Making sense of wars, catastrophes, disease, crime and so on is summed up as the problem of evil; how to reconcile the existence of evil with that of a God who is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent. This essay will define the problem, explain why there is evil in mankind as well as why unpleasant things happen in nature, define and defend the internal consistency of reconciling the divine characteristics God with the evil in the world, and how evil can affect one’s relationship with God. To define the problem of evil is to look at the problems created by having evil in a world that Christians profess was created by a benevolent God. There are basically two kinds of evil within the problem; natural evil and moral evil. Moral evil is an act of mankind such as murder; natural evil would be something that is not caused by any specific agent but has victims such as would be produced by earthquakes.
Augustine said that “Evil stemmed from the free fallible choices of beings…in the pre-history of time,” referring to the free will of Adam and Eve and the Fallen Angels. He believed that you can be saved from evil as long as you choose to be saved, he thought that we all could see the good act yet still go against it because we have free will to do whatever we want. Therefore Augustine said that Evil only existed due to having the ability of Free Will, and not due to God. All Evil is seen as a sin, moral evil, or a punishment for sin, natural evil, and the sin we receive now is the result of the original sin from Adam and Eve and the damnation of the earth and Lucifer the fallen angel. This is because we were all seminally present in the loins of Adam meaning when we are born we have sin and through baptism we wash away our sins.
Surely and all loving (omnibenevolent) God wouldn’t allow this. Human Evil is where people cause harm to others and create chaos. Why would God create a world that consists of evil and cruelty? therefore Mill questions the idea of an omnibenevolent God, however if it is disagreed that God isn’t all loving then it could suggest that God doesn’t know of our suffering and could mean that omniscience cannot possibly be an attribute of God. Mill would say that if God is omniscient then surely he is aware of our suffering and would therefore intervene in the evil as he loves us all.
“Compare and Contrast intuitionism and Emotivism” Both Intuitionism and Emotivism are meta-ethical concepts to explain the terms “good” and “bad” without being caught in the naturalistic fallacy described by GE Moore. Moore’s theory states that good cannot be categorised in any physical manner as theories – but instead “good” can not be defined in terms of anything but itself, and following this through to a moral theory we can conclude “that neither science nor religion can establish the basic principles of morality.” Intuitionism holds that there are objective moral truths, but rather than reasoning or deducing these truths, they are self evident to the “mature” mind. Moore contends that just as we know there is a world out there, we know objective moral truths – they are just common sense or intuition. These truths are universal and beyond human experience and reasoning, and from them we gain our sense of what is “good” and what is “bad”. Moore would say we can see these self evident truths when, in an argument, we are reduced to “it’s just wrong,” they require no further explanation, proof or justification.
But on the other hand, if God does not agree with certain actions or circumstances, then it is wrong because God says that it is wrong. Whatever God wants to command becomes a standard of moral rights. So if God commanded someone to rape another person, the Divine Command theory proves that rape would be moral because doing the right thing is the same as doing what God commands. It is impossible to imagine God commanding to do such a wrong act. The Divine Command Theory is solely based upon what God commands.
To be clear I take evil to mean anything harmful, malicious, or immoral. Evil is essentially anything that causes human misery or suffering. Evil also has multiple elements. For example, the moral evil of murder is distinguished from the physical evil of a natural disaster. All types of evil have the potential to cause contradiction between reality and the established conception of a personal God.
However much we may want others to be transparent, it is impossible because everyone wears a veil. In this case the veil is a symbol for hidden guilt. There is a reality of personal evil and the veil stands in for man’s hypocrisy. Mr. Hooper says, “if I cover it for secret sin, what mortal might not do the same?” Mr. Hooper believed that everyone had secret sin and should thus wear a veil. Mr. Hooper may be said to be a moral prophet who shows by example the reality of men.