Argument Of Good And Evil

632 Words3 Pages
April 4th 2012 MW 10-11:15 Intro to Philosophy In On Free Will, Augustine claims that there are two types of evil: the evil men do and the evil men suffer. First, how does this relate to his argument concerning free will, and secondly, do you agree or disagree that the sins [of man] can be charged against God because of the existence of evil (the nature of the universe)? Explain. When Evodius speaks with Augustine, he picks at the thought of God being the author of evil (OFW, Book 1, I, section 1.). Augustine replies back to him which kind of evil is Ev talking about: the evil that men do and the evil that men suffer. Ev responds to him saying, “I want to know about both kinds of evil.” Aug begins to define while conversing with Ev by explaining that God gives justly to the righteous and the wicked what they deserve. The explanation is clear. God gives the righteous their rewards and the wicked he punishes justly, but the way we experience His justice is through suffering. He further explains that the evil deeds that we perform are of our own accord, and that we are punished by God’s justice because they are done out of our own free will. This argument leads perfectly into the question of free will because, like Aug, I agree that we are not taught evil. Aug explains to Ev that it is impossible to learn evil deeds. It is impossible to learn something evil because our intelligence is inherently good. Since our intelligence is inherently good it is not possible to take away from something that is good, something that is evil. The line that Aug says that really strikes me is, “Or, if indeed evil is learned, that can only be in the sense that we learn to avoid deeds which ought not to be done. Hence to do evil is nothing but to stray away from education.” (OFW, Book 1, I, section 2.) This applies to the argument very well because we don’t learn to do evil;
Open Document