In 2006, approximately 212, 920 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed in the United States (Women’s Health Resource, 2011). The case scenario below will discuss ethical and legal issues regarding a female patient with breast cancer, which refuses treatment for breast cancer. Additionally, the scenario will cover the following four ethical principles: respect for persons/autonomy, justice, beneficence, and non-maleficence that relates to the case scenario (Bishop, 2003). A 25-year-old female patient made an appointment with her primary care physician because she discovered a lump on her breast. She went to her appointment with her primary care physician the following day.
A screening mammogram are x-rays exams of the breast that is used for woman who have no breast symptoms or signs of breast cancer. The goal of this screening is to find breast cancer when its too small to be felt by a doctor. As compared to diagnostic mammograms which investigates possible problems. A woman with breast problems for example, a lump, nipple discharge, or an area found in a screening mammogram typically gets a diagnostic mammogram. It can also be done in woman without beast problems who were previously treated for breast cancer.
The nurse is caring for a client with the diagnosis of colon cancer with metastasis to the liver. Which statement made by the client indicates an understanding of the diagnosis? “My cancer has now spread to my liver.” While completing an admission assessment, the client reports a family history of ovarian cancer among a maternal grandmother, aunt, and sister. The nurse knows that these cancers are most likely associated with what etiology? Inherited gene mutation The physician recommends that you have your daughter vaccinated with HPV vaccine.
Timmins F, (2007) Communication Skills: Information giving, Nurse Prescribing, 5(10) pp.437-441 Timms L (2011) Effect of nutrition on wound healing in older people: a case study British Journal of Nursing, 9 (12), pp. 4-10. Turnbull B (2008) High-flow humidified oxygen therapy used to alleviate respiratory distress, British Journal of Nursing, 17 (19), pp. 1226-30. Vernon T (2002) Nutrition for Healing: everyone’s responsibility.
Journal of Pediatrics 2007. Bernard, Sarah. “Baby Fat.” New York 23 Feb. 2004. Kushi LH, Byers T, Doyle C, Bandera EV, McCullough M, Gansler T, etal. American cancer society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: A cancer journal for clinicians 2006.
(9) Helps in early detection of anembryonic pregnanacy which is associated with chromosonal anomalies. (10) Evaluation of suspected blighted ovum, threatened, incomplete, complete and missed abortion. (11) Localization and textural evaluation of placenta. In this study of 200 (two hundred) patients, I
Research UROGYNECOLOGY www. AJOG.org Urinary incontinence in women: Direct costs of routine care Leslee Subak, MD; Stephen Van Den Eeden, PhD; David Thom, MD, PhD; Jennifer M. Creasman, MSPH; Jeanette S. Brown, MD; for the Reproductive Risks for Incontinence Study at Kaiser (RRISK) Research Group OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to estimate the direct costs of routine care for urinary incontinence (UI) in community-dwelling, racially diverse women. STUDY DESIGN: In the Reproductive Risks for Incontinence Study at Kaiser population-based study, 528 women with UI weekly or more quantiﬁed resources that were used for UI. Routine care costs were calculated with the use of national resource costs ($2005). Potential predictors
& Daehler, M. (2012) Child Development: A Thematic Approach 6th Ed, International Edition. USA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning Change4Life [online] http://www.nhs.uk/Change4Life/Pages/pregnancy-and-alcohol.aspx#alreadyPregnant (accessed 11 February 2012) Chapman, A. (2006-2009). Elisabeth kübler-ross - five stages of grief. [online] http://www.businessballs.com/elisabeth_kubler_ross_five_stages_of_grief.htm.
Some risk factors of breast cancer are genetics, and diet. References Jarvis, C. (2012). Physical Examination & Health Assessment (6th edition). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier. Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G., Stockert, P. A., & Hall, A. M. (2013).