Breast Self-Exam Essay

315 Words2 Pages
Discuss the breast self-exam, how it is done, and risk factors for breast cancer. “The breast self- exam (BSE) is cheap, noninvasive, can be accomplished without visits to expert professionals, and enhances self –care (Jarvis, 2012).” “It is important to examine the breasts of both female and male patients (Potter, Perry, Stockert, & Hall, 2013).” “The best time for a BSE is the fourth through seventh day of menstrual cycle or right after the menstrual cycle ends, when the breast are no longer swollen of tender from hormone elevations (Potter et al., 2013).” H How it is done 1. Stand in front of a mirror and inspect both breast for anything unusual such as discharge from the nipple, puckering, dimpling or scaling of the skin. 2. Watch closely in the mirror, clasp hands behind the head, and swing elbows forward. 3. Press hands firmly on hips and bow slightly toward the mirror while pulling shoulders and elbows forward. 4. Raise the left arm. Use three fingers of the right hand to explore the left breast firmly, carefully, and thoroughly. Begin at the outer edge, press the flat part of the fingers in small circles, moving the circle slowly around the breast. Work towards the nipple and make sure you cover the entire breast. Including the armpit. Feel for masses or lumps. 5. Squeeze the nipple and look for discharge, and repeat everything on the right breast. 6. Repeat steps four and five in the supine position with arm above head and pillow underneath back to flatten breast for easier examination. 7. Repeat on right breast. Some risk factors of breast cancer are genetics, and diet. References Jarvis, C. (2012). Physical Examination & Health Assessment (6th edition). St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier. Potter, P. A., Perry, A. G., Stockert, P. A., & Hall, A. M. (2013). Fundamentals of Nursing (8th ed). St. Louis, MO:

More about Breast Self-Exam Essay

Open Document