Social isolation, poor housing, unemployment and poverty are all linked to mental ill health. So stigma and discrimination can trap people in a cycle of illness. The situation is exacerbated by the media. Media reports often link mental illness with violence, or portray people with mental health problems as dangerous, criminal, evil, or very disabled and unable to live normal, fulfilled lives. 2.2 How mental illness can have an impact on the individual: Psychologically: - person may become paranoid and therefore exclude him or her self -person may become paranoid and therefore hurt others who she/he fears will try to hurt him/her -person may become isolated and therefore out of touch with other people and reality in general -person may feel unloved even if it is not true -person may feel like he/she is a threat to society and therefore attempt suicide emotionally: -person may feel isolated, unloved, paranoid, panicked and non-human (read Francis Kafka's The Metamorphosis)
Discriminatory practices are very influential on the people that use health and social care services; I will explain these effects and give examples. (1) Marginalisation is when you feel like you are not liked within a group or in other words you don’t feel like you are a part of a group or society.In health and social care everyone should be treated equal and marginalisation is not allowed. An example of this is a youth worker excluding a homosexual teenager based on his sexuality. (1) Disempowerment is to make someone feel devalued this could happen to either an individual or groups. The victim could be discriminated by a valued group/individual or powerful group/individual.
P3: Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services. Include the following and look at how they can result in a loss of right: Marginalisation is one of the effects of discriminatory practice. It is a social division of some people from the large society. People are separated from the society because of their age, disability, culture or social class. If people are separated from the society they will feel isolated and could lead to depression, anxiety, eating disorders, financial problems and/or health problems.
Poor communication between the service user and carer is a factor, he or she may be unable to express their concerns or opinions. If an individual is not mobile or bed bound, they are frail and powerless to defend themselves. Someone who suffers with dementia and is aggressive may be susceptible to abuse as care staff may not know how to deal with this and become frustrated and lash out. Question 2a (Weighting:
Giddens (2006) describes social exclusion as the ‘processes by which individuals may become cut off from full involvement in the wider society’. Giddens (2006) states that although poverty (lack of income and resources) is a part of social exclusion, the term itself is broader, as it encompasses other dimensions such as ‘exclusion from services, labour market and social relations’ (Giddens, 2006, p378). There are many causes of social exclusion within society; the Social Exclusion Unit (SEU), (2004) identified five main reasons of the existence of social exclusion, in relation to people with mental health problems. The first reason identified was that of the stigma attached towards having mental health problems and discrimination towards those people. Bell and Lindley (2005) define stigma as a ‘relationship between characteristics of a person and socially constructed negative stereotypes’ (Goffman, 1963, Jones et al., 1984) in (Bell and Lindley, 2005, p107).
M1: Assess the effects on those using the service of THREE different discriminatory practices in health and social care. Marginalisation: treat a person or group as insignificant Marginalisation: GP Surgery An individual using this service may feel that their GP is treating them unfairly because of their sexual orientation. This could have many negative impacts on the individual, such as: feeling upset, angry, worthless, lowered self-esteem, they could feel as though they are losing their self-identity. All of the above could create a barrier for the individual to visit the GP because of the discrimination they are facing. They won’t be able to share their problems with their GP because the GP doesn’t consider the individual as important.
Art therapy: Treating the LGBTQ population The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or questioning (LGBTQ) clients have unique and diverse needs that need to be considered before and during art therapy. Research has found that LGBTQ clients are at increased risk for major depression, anxiety disorder, eating disorders, panic disorder, alcohol and drug dependency, and poor self-esteem when compared to the general population (Pelton-Sweet & Sherry, 2008). This paper examines the core competencies required before treating this population, addresses specific art activities that can be done in group and/or individual therapy, and looks at treatment possibilities surrounding the coming out process. LGBTQ people that are the recipients of art therapy services can face mental, emotional, and physical strain from both inside and outside the mental health system.
1.2 Analyse the potential effects of barriers to equality and inclusion in own area of responsibility The potential effects that the residents will experience in this care setting are prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice happens when society lacks education and the understanding of different cultures and how society looks at it. Prejudice begins by making assumptions of a certain client group i.e. people with learning disability and mental health issues are put into a certain box. Another example would be if an adult had a disability like epilepsy, and an adult who has schizophrenia may be thought to be a serial killer, these types of
Feeling like this may lead the person to be paranoid towards telling staff personal information and may not receive the correct care if they do not tell staff their problems. Another effect present is marginalisation, the person may feel they have been marginalised because, due to prejudice they may receive different care and treatment to other patients or residents and because of this they may start to believe they are different to others and feel isolated because others are given better treatment to them. Restricted
Champion equality ,diversity, and inclusion Explain the models of practice that underpin equality, diversity and inclusion in your own area of responsibility In my area of responsibility I would like to pin point two specifics models of practice the first one is the social model of mental health, many patients have been suffering with discrimination and prejudice demonstrated in today’s society, in which the need for each other has not been taken seriously or the environment where they live. The stigma of mental health patients still plays a very difficult role in power of those who need to be looked after and by their relatives. The social model focuses on whom is the mental health person as a individual, not to their diagnosis and lack of understanding of the world , it also focuses on how to support and empower the individual to have a better life and lead an independent life , supported by a society that understands the patients with mental health needs. The second is the medical model of care, that views adults with mental health with difficulties or lacking in some ways, this model focuses in acknowledging ways to give better treatment and therapy, to also focus on identifying, diagnosing and controlling the condition in the best way possible with a strong medical and clinical support. I have