9 I. INTRODUCTION As a believers and followers of Jesus Christ it is crucial to know the history of Christianity and of one of his most important actors, Martin Luther. Roland H. Bainton’s book, is an amazing biography of Luther were he clearly explains his personal life and theology vision in one of the most crucial moments in the history of Christianity. The first portion of this book in centered in Luther's days as a monk, his crisis of faith, and his break from Rome that caused the start of the Reformation period. The central part of the book deals with the conflict with Rome, and particularly what it was referred as to “The Diet of Worms”.
The West learned many things from Arabian thinkers who had a much greater level of scientific success. Arabian astronomers invented instruments that used the stars to determine the absolute direction. They also made advance in chemistry and developed trigonometry and algebra (Chaddock 1). Many people during the Renaissance believed that science could explain the world better than any other way (Chaddock 2). Some humanist believed that after the Fall of Adam, God left the world incomplete and man had to restore his work.
In the early 16th century, the Protestant Reformation divided the unity of the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformation movement began in Germany led by Martin Luther. His speeches and writings were passed on all over Europe with the help of the printing press. It started in response to the rising sense of corruption in the church. For instance, “the sale of indulgences for the benefit of the church of Rome specifically for the rebuilding of St. Peters Cathedral provoked harsh criticism, especially by those who saw the luxuries of the papacy as a betrayal of apostolic ideals ” (Fiero 119).
The First Crusade and the idea of crusading by Jonathan Riley-Smith- I find this book so far to be a good read and chapter 1:Pope Urbans Message to very useful in helping me write my paper. This chapter discusses focuses on pope Urban and his sermons to the people. The chapter gives reasons on why the Crusade was called and how the church legitimized the crusade through his sermons. Also goes into the goals of the crusades that were mentioned over and over again by the Popes Sermons. The Pilgrimage Tradition and the Holy War Before the First Crusade James A. Brundage- I will be using this article to help connect holy wars and their justification with Pope Urban’s justification of war.
There he was freed to study and wrestle with his spiritual burdens in a manner that shaped his conclusions that were to follow. His struggle with guilt and forgiveness were now pursuits of Theology rather than a personal and silent burden. Here a most important question was thrust upon him as he read the Bible, “What does this mean for me?” This question was foundational as Luther learned the theology of the church and the theology of scripture. Years of study behind closed doors and through teaching matured these ideas that shaped the heart of the man that would challenge the most powerful spiritual office in the world (the Catholic Church) with 95
As a result, Jefferson, Montesquieu, Locke, and other members of the founding generation were deeply influenced by this 18th-century European intellectual movement. These philosophers were exposed to some of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment who believed rational thought and useful knowledge guaranteed an optimistic outlook of hope and promise of a better future. Not only that, but the many culminating revolutions that revolved - the Scientific Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, etc. - as well as a great environmental awareness were many factors as a result of the Enlightenment. Jefferson drew upon his education in law and Enlightenment philosophy in order to compose the Declaration of Independence, a treatise that focused on liberty and slavery.
Dr. Anderson displays a strong foundation of counseling through truth and having a relationship with Christ. Other web based articles were used to support the theory of Anderson’s book. Although the web based articles other different avenues of Christian counseling all of the sources used share a common root, how to show others how to overcome their problems to become healthy well adjusted individuals by using biblical concepts. Christian Counseling to the Spiritually Oppressed Discipleship is receiving instruction from a religious leader and being a follower who has learned to believe in the truth of the doctrine of his teacher. Discipleship in today’s world can be in the form of a Christian counseling.
Throughout history revolutions have dramatically impacted our nation - economically, politically and socially. The French Revolution and the Neolithic Revolution are exemplary marked in history and rightfully so. Thus, these acts of braveness gave countries all around the world courage to follow in their footsteps - henceforth, allowing us citizens, to do things our ancestors would have never even dare dream about. The Neolithic Revolution is probably by far the one I’m most grateful for. Before the Neolithic Revolution, our ancestors lived in the Paleolithic Era.
This Theses was addressed to Pope Leo X, who was building St Peter’s. Luther was angered about this and made his opinion in the Theses that if the pope could open the doors of purgatory for people who paid, why could he not open them for all people.Luther published other scriptures against the sale of indulgences, his letter to Albrecht of Mainz and the explanation of the 95 Theses. His initial writings were catalysts in the course of the reformation, it was Luther’s anger and bravery that began the Reformation. Luther continued to publish impactful works, in 1520 he released To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, where Luther outlined the doctrine of the Priesthood of all believers and denied the authority of the Pope to interpret, or confirm interpretation of the Bible, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and On the Freedom of a Christian. These publications all became influential as they were able to spread around Germany through the German printing press and were allowing people to form their own opinions of the church rather than being told by the church what to believe.
He had a true zeal to learn the word of God for himself and pass it on to other. “Luther trusted Christ, and that Christ was with him in his and all people’s suffering; God was accompanying, calling, bringing him and all fellow sufferers into the life of hope and resurrection.” “Most fundamental is the first step, Luther’s teaching that by faith alone we are united with Christ. Protestants loved to talk about “accepting Christ by faith,” which certainly owes a great deal to this fundamental teaching of Luther’s. Usually, however, it is presented as a decision we must make, as if it were by our own free will. Luther, by contrast, hates the very idea of free will when it is applied to matters of salvation, for our confidence in our own free will lies at the core of our efforts to be justified by good works rather than faith alone.