How Did Europeans Colonize The Americas?

456 Words2 Pages
What started off as an attraction to the East, and not the West, led Europeans to discover the Americas. Europeans not only discovered the Americas, but they began to colonize the “New World” even though ancient Americans and their descendents were already living there for thousands of years. At this time, most native people were not able to defend themselves because Europeans were a lot more advanced than they were. European nations were indeed more advance, but the main reasons why they were so successful at colonizing the Americas in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries relies heavily on their desire to colonize, immunity from old world diseases, and a well-equipped military. During the sixteenth century, European nations had the desire…show more content…
Native people did not have that immunity because the “New World” was still virgin soil. The natives didn’t have domesticated animals like many Europeans did, in which many diseases derived from those animals. Through disease corridor, old world diseases were able to travel faster than the European explorers that ultimately decimated the population of the native people. Not only did the diseases decrease the population of the native people, but it also demoralized them because they were often too weak to defend themselves due to illness or mourning a lost of a loved one. Because of old world diseases, native people were unable to defend themselves allowing Europeans to colonize the Americas successfully. The military also gave Europeans an advantage over native people because it was well-equipped, organized with a chain of command, and structured. The military had guns, steel and armor, and horses. The military also had tactics like the flank, which involves infantry and horses. Native people were guerilla warriors, but wasn’t quite as advanced as the European military. The military made Europeans impermeable to the native people that resulted in success of colonization of the
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