Renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of the European history. Renaissance art emerged in Italy during the late 13th and early 14th centuries. Renaissance art derived during the early 14th century in Italy to late 16th century in Europe. Renaissance art was most mature in Europe during the late 16th century. The term Renaissance means rebirth which is very fitting for this era because it represents a cultural rebirth of Classical art, new artists of Renaissance looked to earlier classical artist and incorporated more light and color into their work so that their work would look almost life like.
Verrocchio was born to Michele di Francesco Cioni in Florence in 1435 and died in 1488 in Venice. During his short life, he had several students, including both the famous Leonardo da Vinci and Lorenzo de Credi. His work also influenced Michelangelo, another famous Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor. Andrea del Verrocchio was known for many famous paintings, and sculptures such as Christ and St. Thomas, but it was believed that he had reached the pinnacle of his career as an artist through his work on this particular piece. In fact, a widely spread story believed among the common folk was that del Verrocchio felt himself out painted by da Vinci upon completion of Baptism of Christ and vowed never to pick up the brush again.
Three of the major artists were, Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, and Andrea Palladio. Bramante was an architect and painter and was known as the chief architect in Rome. He expanded on the 15th century idea of self-awareness, which he transformed into a perception of one's position in a complex by response to mass and volume (Donato Bramante, 2011). During this era, Bramante designed many works that labeled him an artist of the High Renaissance. One of his most beautiful pieces of architecture, Tempietto is Italian for small temple.
The High Renaissance sought to create a generalized style of art that focused on drama, physical presence, and balance. The major artists of this period were Leonardo Da Vinci, Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Titian. The period lasted only a short time from 1495 to 1520. The Late Renaissance was put into motion by the sack of Rome in 1527, forcing artists to relocate to other artistic centers in Italy, France, and Spain. During this time, anti-classical sentiments began to emerge, eventually developing into the Mannerist movement.
It is said to have started in Florence, Italy and then spread throughout France, Germany, England and other Western European countries 5. With the “invention of printing which aided the spread of knowledge, the spirit of inquiry, and the diffusion of freedom of thought” 6, patrons of Italy revived an interest in classical literature whilst revolting against the medieval art of the time, thus producing a desire for the revival of Roman Architecture. In this time, Vitruvius’s ‘De Architectura’ or ‘The Ten Books of Architecture’ manuscript was discovered in Switzerland (1414) and translated from Latin to Italian 7. It was the first book on architecture which inspired Italy’s patrons to adapt a ‘new style’ using the classical orders of architecture and terminating the superiority of Gothic architecture as it did not hold in there 8. Architects of the Renaissance explored the Ancient Romans architecture through the help of Vitruvius’s findings as well as measuring roman structures such as the Parthenon, Bascillica of Maxentius, Collosseum and the remains of great baths 9.
As the Italian courts of Milan, Naples, and Florence tussled over which was the most powerful, the Roman popes Julius II (1503-13) and Leo X (1513-21) offered hospitality to a group of artists from these leading principalities. The first significant arrival was that of Donato Bramante (c. 1444-1514), following his fruitful stay in Milan at the court of Ludovico il Moro, a rich cultural environment where he had made the acquaintance of such artists as Leonardo da Vinci and Luca Pacioli (c.1445-1517). In 1504, Julius II gave Bramante the task of organizing the reconstruction of the basilica of St Peter, which was to be centralized around a large cupola. Bramante had already adopted the design of a round sacred temple (tempietto) at San Pietro in Montorio (1502), which is a revival of the early Christian martyrium (church built in honour of a martyr). In 1506, the pope laid down the first stone of the new Vatican basilica and, in the same year, the antique sculpture known as Laocoon was discovered in a vineyard on the Esquiline hill.
Leonardo Da Vinci Birth Name: Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci Borned: April 15th, 1452 Died: May 2, 1519 Nationality: Italy Movement: High Renaissance Works: Mona Lisa, The Last Supper David Sculpturing Renaissance Artwork. Michalangelo Buonarrati Birth Name: Michalangelo di Lodovicco Buonarrati Simoni. Born: March 6, 1475 Died: April 18, 1564 Nationality: Italian Movement: High Renaissance Work: David, The Creation of Adam. Modern Period Art had evoluted in a lot of ways. In my opinion, in modern period, any weird and creepy thing can turn into a beautiful piece of art!
Simone's death, which we know for certain was 4 August 1344. Simone was important exponent of Gothic painting who did more than any other artist to spread the influence of Sienese painting. Sienese painting wich was together with Florence, Siena was the chief economic, political, and cultural center of Tuscany in the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. Although only in 1559 did Siena become part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under the rule of the Medici Simone was a major figure in the development of early Italian painting and greatly influenced the development of the International Gothic style. Simone was very possibly a pupil of Duccio di Buoninsegna, the leading Sienese painter of his time.
GENERAL BACKGROUND The roots of the Renaissance surfaced in Italy, where urban life, banking, and capitalism had progressed at a rapid pace. By the 14th century, the city–state of Florence was the leading center of international finance. But, even more importantly, there was a growing consciousness of political identity in 14th–century Italy. Many Italians became interested in renewing their rich classical past, and scholars actively studied the Latin classics. Following the teachings of St. Francis of Assisi (c. 1182-1226), who advocated religion as an intense personal experience, religious and secular thinkers of this period emphasized the importance of personal intuition and experience in seeking both divine and natural knowledge.
Italy in the 1300s experienced the renaissance movement, the rebirth of the interest in the Greek and Roman culture which sparked the humanism movement. These movements stressed the importance of human beings. The Renaissance movement is well remembered because of the breathtaking works of art created by two great masters of that period. Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo Buonarroti both had a love for architecture, science, and anatomy, which influenced their perceptions of art, thus paving the way for future artists to expand and innovate the Renaissance era. Leonardo’s passion for creating works of art is evident in the masterpieces that he created.