Fascism in a Rational Building: LA CASA del FASCIO (1933-1935), Como, Italy Giuseppe Terragni(1904-1943) a believer in the ideas of fascism in the Inter-war period, was also a follower of the International Style and the Modernist school of thought, agreeing with the ideas of architects such as Le Corbusier, Gropius, and Mies van der Rohe. He became leader of the Gruppo 7, a group of young architects known as the “Italian Rationalists.” In many ways there is a common ground between fascism and modernism that connects the two movements, and that’s why an architect from Como would choose a rationalist building for the headquarters of the local Fascist Party. The structure and form of the Casa del Fascio can be seen as a formal expression of the rationalist movement, while the location and form defines a distinct relation between public and private. The building situated in the centre of the city, signifies the fascist presence at the heart of Como. The plan is a basic square that surrounds an inner rectangular atrium which becomes the most public space of the Casa del Fascio.
Bramante and Aesthetics of High Renaissance ART 101 Prof. Todd Leisek February 25, 2013 Bramante and Aesthetics of High Renaissance 2 Architecture in the fifteenth century resembles the effects that were brought on during the Renaissance years. In this time, every major city and town was known for a specific type of architecture. In the High Renaissance the focus of architecture moved physically from Florence to Rome and Venice, while its aesthetic objectives became the search for an all-encompassing spatial experience. The three major architects of the century were Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, and Andrea Palladio. The founder and leader of High Renaissance architecture was Donato Bramante.5,8 (Bramante is considered a member of the “High Renaissance trio”, along with Michelangelo, the foremost sculptor of the period, and Raphael, the foremost painter.)
His works helped to define the High Renaissance period as well as Italy. The text described High Renaissance as, “The 15th-century artistic developments in Italy (for example, the interest in perspective, anatomy, and classical cultures) matured during the early 16th century in the brief era that art historians call the High Renaissance- the period between 1495 and the deaths of Leonardo da Vinci in 1519 and Raphael in 1520. During the High Renaissance, the masters in essence created a new profession, one having its own rights of expression, its own venerable character, and its own claims to recognition by the great” (Kleiner, 2010, pg. 457). The era produced three of the greatest artist of all time- Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo.
Bramante and Aesthetics of High Renaissance ART 101: Art Appreciation Deborah Duff February 28, 2011 Donato d’Angelo Bramante, an Italian painter and architect, “introduced the Early Renaissance style to Milan and the High Renaissance style to Rome, where his most famous design was St. Peter’s Basilica.”(biographybase.com) In this paper, I will assess the importance of Bramante’s architecture and evaluate how his architecture represents the attitudes and aesthetics of the High Renaissance with examples of his greatest works. Bramante’s architectural style, based on ancient Roman models, was consistent with the humanistic values of the day. (Kleiner, 2010) One of the examples of this would have to be the Tempietto that is overlooking the Vatican in which King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella commissioned to indicate the very spot in which Saint Peter was crucified. When you examine the Tempietto, you see that “Bramante achieved a truly wonderful balance and harmony in the relationship of the parts (dome, drum, and base) to one another and to the whole.” (Kleiner, 2010, pg. 476, para.
It is based on previous ideas that have been passed down and adapted into new ones that pertain to the modern world. This is similar to how the Renaissance grew from the exploration of previous ideas from the Greeks and Romans. The word Renaissance itself even means “rebirth”. From classical ideas, Renaissance humanists began to shape themselves and society. One example is a Renaissance writer Leonardo Bruni who took the idea of civilians taking part in government to develop civic humanism.
Mazzini was a prolific publicist continually publishing letters and articles and was feted by many European liberals. Mazzini’s ideas encouraged several attempted invasions in the years 1833-48 and in 1849 Mazzini was able to take advantage of the Pope’s flight from Rome to declare a Roman Republic. This shows that Mazzini had a profound effect in accelerating the growth of autocracy and the nature of foreign intervention by exercising his opportunism in favourable conditions. He did so to cater to his own desires for a unified Italy and to fulfil the aims of Young Italy. Mazzini had
How did the architect incorporate the classical elements into this façade? Located in Florence, Italy, the façade of the Dominican church of Santa Maria Novella was created by Leon Battista Alberti. It was premeditated during the mid 15th century. The reason why it’s one of the most well known examples of early Renaissance architecture in Italy is enormously due to the façade’s architectural style. Holding its original 13th century Gothic base, the church’s interior and the bottom half of the façade was built long before Alberti came and completed it.
The Renaissance Beginning And Progress Of The Renaissance Edited By: R. A. Guisepi Fourteenth To Sixteenth Century The Italian Renaissance had placed human beings once more in the center of life's stage and infused thought and art with humanistic values. In time the stimulating ideas current in Italy spread to other areas and combined with indigenous developments to produce a French Renaissance, an English Renaissance, and so on. The term Renaissance, literally means "rebirth" and is the period in European civilization immediately following the Middle Ages, conventionally held to have been characterized by a surge of interest in classical learning and values. The Renaissance also witnessed the discovery and exploration of new continents, the substitution of the Copernican for the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, the decline of the feudal system and the growth of commerce, and the invention or application of such potentially powerful innovations as paper, printing, the mariner's compass, and gunpowder. To the scholars and thinkers of the day, however, it was primarily a time of the revival of classical learning and wisdom after a long period of cultural decline and stagnation.
First, Nationalism changed the map of Europe because it lead to unification. Countries such as Germany and Italy began to unify. Otto von Bismarck succeeded to unite Germany. With Realpolitik, power was more important to Bismarck. Bismarck united Germany through war and industrialization.
Some refer to the Renaissance as a rebirth, as the root of the name suggests, and also view this time as a bridge to modern society. (Renaissance, n.d.) The Renaissance period influenced all aspects of life. With the attention back to early Roman culture, there was a movement in politics toward democracy. Paintings and sculptures