INTRODUCTION While the Medici family was predominant, Florence became the cultural center of Europe and also became the cradle of new Humanism. BACKGROUND The Medici were possibly the richest family in Italy. In the 13th Century the family began to gain wealth. At the end of the thirteenth century, the family's wealth increased when one of the members of the family served as gonfalero (bearer of a high ceremonial office). In the fourteenth century their wealth increased again.
Ian Robinson 9/25/14 Block 4 Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence, Italy during the year of 1454. He has become so well known for his exploration. The most famous discovery of his caused a great leap in worldly knowledge for all European peoples. That discovery was that the land first discovered by Columbus was not Asia, but a new world that had never been explored by Europeans. This discovery is what has made Amerigo Vespucci become seen as a major contributor in the Age of Exploration.
The Renaissance proved to be a time of transformation of the artist as they came to occupy a different place in society for art was becoming more than just a craft. The rebirth of classical architecture took place in Italy in the 15th century. In Italy, there was a rediscovery of the classical orders of architecture. Italian architects were greatly inspired by Roman structural elements, its arches, vaults, and domes as well as its decorative forms. They sought both comfort and attractiveness in their buildings, adorning them with tapestries, paintings, statues, finely made furniture, and glass windows.
The Renaissance was a cultural movement in 1450-1600 which began in Italy in the late middle ages and then spread to the rest of Europe. The changes which we associate with the renaissance began in the town of Florence and continued to be most persistent there. The city's writers, painters and architects all made Florence a model of Renaissance culture. Fifteenth-century Florence was an exciting place to be. In 1425 the city had a population of 60,000 and was a self-governed, independent city-state.
More precisely, it comes from late in his first period, just a year or two before the personal crisis brought about by Beethoven’s gradual loss of hearing that is so powerfully reflected in the "Heiligenstadt Testament" and the "Eroica" Symphony. By the mid-1790s, Beethoven had essayed most of the important instrumental genres, but had held off tackling the symphony and string quartet, perhaps because these were the kinds of pieces in which his teacher Haydn had made his greatest mark and enjoyed his most significant successes. When he did finally write, perform, and publish his first two symphonies
The "new" humanist idea suggested that the church should not govern civic matters but only guide spiritual matters, also the church promoted a strong but limited education whereas humanists promoted a well-rounded education. There were also important centers of humanism at Florence, Naples, Rome, Venice, Mantua, Ferrara, and Urbino. The
Introduction Italy finally reached unification in 1870 after many, many years of failed attempts and being under power of Austria. Though who are we to thank, the writer and President; Mazzini, the political; Cavour, the military; Garibaldi or the helpful Napoleon III? They were all great workers, though many of them had different end goals and motivations, and they all did different things to benefit the process of a unified Italy. Mazzini main contribution was awakening the idea of a unified Italy, and getting the process started. Cavour focused more of making Piedmont a better and stronger place more than the unification of Italy, though this contributed a lot.
Italy is located in southern Europe, bordering France and Switzerland to the North. The important cultures that thrived in Italy and that defined civilization in the ancient times are the Romans and the ancient Italy Etruscan civilization. Etruscan refers to the culture that existed in the prehistoric times and stretched over to the foundation of Europe. Roman culture generally refers to a form of a civilization that originated from the Italian peninsula that would later grow and become the Roman Empire with much influence in the Western Europe. Likewise, Greece has played an important role in influencing today cultural and political systems.
The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo The Sistine Chapel ceiling is one the most admired paintings of the High Renaissance period. The High Renaissance movement was centered in Rome and took place from 1450 to 1527. The Sistine Chapel lies in Vatican City, in the center of Rome, Italy. Pope Julius II supported and encouraged many artists to create biblical art in the city. Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo Buonarroti to paint the chapel’s ceiling.
Ognissanti Madonna In the early years of the Italian Renaissance no other artist made a bigger impact then Giotto Di Bondone (c. 1267–January 8, 1337). Giotto was a painter and architect from Florence Italy. He is often credited of being the father of the Renaissance. The frescoes in the Arena Chapel, Padua are famously accredited to Giotto. One of his other well know paintings is Madonna Enthroned, also known as the Ognissanti Madonna ( c. 1310 ).