Holistic Impacts of Obesity

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Holistic Impacts of Obesity The aim of this essay will is to explore the holistic impacts associated with obesity on individuals and what implications this issue has on our healthcare system. I will be giving a brief outline of Change4Life (DH, 2009) which is a national campaign to deal with the threat of obesity in the society, and also the nurse’s role in helping individuals to achieve health improvement. Obesity is a medical condition in which excessive or abnormal body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health (WHO, 2011). Obesity usually happens when people eat and consume more calories than they can burn off by physical activity. However, there are several other causes of obesity. There are certain inherited conditions and other diseases of the brain that can cause excess weight gain. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone which slows metabolism and often causes weight gain. Some medications such as antidepressants, steroids, and oral contraceptives can also cause increased body weight (Net Doctor, 2011). Body mass index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify overweight and obesity in adults. According to WHO (2011), a person with a BMI greater than or equal to 25 is overweight, a BMI greater than or equal to 30 is obese, and a BMI of 40 and above is morbidly obese. Statistics released by The Information Centre for Health and Social Care (2011) shows that in 2009, 22% of men and 24% of women aged 16 or over in England were classified as obese but greater proportion of men than women (44% compared with 33%) were classified as overweight. In that same year, 16% of boys and 15% of girls aged 2 to 15 were classed as obese, and 32% of boys and 28% of girls were classed as overweight or obese. There is strong evidence to
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