Why Europe? Anan Patel 12/16/13 The Europeans were the first people to explore and conquer the rest of the world. But, before they explored the world the Chinese had started this voyage project also, but they eventually receded from this because they were looking to focus more on domestic matters (DOC 2, 3, 4, and 5). The reason why Europe succeeded and the others didn’t because Europe already had advantages in society because of the plant and animal domestication, also they had enough competition between the different European countries to go out on voyages to look for more (DOC 1, 6, 7, 9) . On the other hand, the other countries weren’t able to succeed because they conquered by Europeans or their population died out from diseases or plagues (DOC 4, 5, 8).
Page 131, Questions for Analysis 1. Why might slavery have been less important in Han China than in the Roman Empire? Why would the treatment of slaves have been less harsh in China than in Rome? In contrast to the Roman Empire, which relied on slavery, the Han dynasty built its economy on the labor of free peasants that were forced to give up their surpluses as taxes. Additionally, in China, slaves were bound only to do the tasks assigned to them in a written contract; these contracts protected them by specifying exactly what could be asked of them and what they could not be punished for.
The regions had a lot in common socially from a wide perspective. Both nations had vast gaps between classes. The strict caste system in India kept the classes from interacting or shifting. The divide in China was based more directly on economic status than the sociable nature of the caste system. There was the main stretch between the wealthy or landowning class and the peasants, while in India it was a more intricate divisi.
The Kings were converts of Christianity just to establish closer relations with Portuguese whereas Chinese has great problems with the exclusivity of Christianity but the Jesuits were respectful of Chinese culture and won a few converts. China had an outstanding naval capacity in the early 1400s and the Chinese used a tribute system as a basis for trade and restricted access of foreign traders to Chinese markets, particularly by limiting them to specified ports under controls established by the central government. China experienced economic changes,
Hofstede’s Five Dimension comparison of Germany and China Hofstede’s Five Dimensions Hofstede’s five dimensions are a useful tool to give someone an insight of different cultures. These elements give a country’s behaviour tendencies rather than an exact prescription. There are weaknesses to Hofstede’s Five Dimension theory as it may too easily encourage stereotyping. Even in countries as small as the UK, not all citizens are alike – e.g. it is argued that the culture in the North of England is quite different to the South.
Some of them made people obedient to the political views of the leaders, others denoted or elevated individuals depending on their gender and social status, and some just remained neutral. The Chinese political and social structure was mainly (but not completely) affected by the government rulers (due to non-religious belief systems like Legalism and Confucianism), since they had greater influence on the government than the religions, while in India, vice versa, the religions shaped the social and political order more than the ruling class (due to the absence of non-religious practices). The Mandate of Heaven, the reason of the major changes in the Chinese society, gave the godly right of ruling to the Emperor, similar to the Pharaohs of Egypt, which were considered and treated like gods. Along the Silk Roads (the longest and the most used trade route which connected multiple empires together through trade), ideas similar to that were spread and shared among the cultures resulting in the outcome that is seen today as
Politically geography often determined whether a ruler maintained his empire or whether he fell. Geography impacted the social aspects of all early societies by limiting their interactions and helped establish the early signs of culture. Societies, especially those in China were severely limited to who they could interact with. Due to the surrounding Gobi Desert and Himalaya and Kunlun Mountains societies were limited in their social capacity (Doc 2). This meant that the people could really only interact with themselves and spread ideas among each other.
Although creating this dichotomy seems a gross generalization and oversimplification of the colonial African experience, it more importantly allows for a different perspective- one that exposes the overwhelming success of the typically peaceful or pacifist reaction in contrast to the little gain and large losses of the violent response. Throughout history, European powers have tried and succeeded in imperializing lesser developed countries, countries that did not fall under or follow the European standards. This was the case with China and Japan. Both China and Japan were self-sufficient countries that only trade with neighboring countries. They had the necessities they needed to live and did not want trifle gadgets.
Being an educated or skilled immigrant would most likely mean that the steps to naturalization, as in the mandatory costs and testing, would be less of a challenge to fulfill. In Chapter four of the text Racial and Ethnic Groups (REG), it states that “The brain drain is the immigration to the United States of skilled workers, professionals, and technicians who are desperately needed by their home countries.”(REG, chapter four, p. 103) This would cause some reluctance in my decision to migrate to America from China. The fact that I would be possibly taking away something that benefits my native country could cause some second thought. This may not be a major factor if the political system in China had a negative effect on my economic advancement. The same could be said if I was looking for an education in America and eventually decided to stay instead of returning to China because of the lack of opportunity for growth.
In developing countries, it has focused on major cities first and only later expanded into smaller cities when confident that the smaller cities had consumers with the necessary disposable income. This last point also reduced the geographic distance. 3. Looking only at the four dimensions of distance, should Starbucks invest in Japan or China? If yes, give the reasons why; if no, why not?